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THE

PREFACE.

books

of

this nature fuperfluous,

we muft know

;

That though

the

De-

calogùe,

as

it

was given

by

Mofes

to

the

Jews,was

a

part

of

that

Cove-

nant which.

God made

with them

onMount

sinai,and

fo

belonged

proper

them,

as

appears

both

by

the

Preface, wherein

their

deliverance

out

of

.,Eór1t

is

urged

as

amotive

of

obedience, and by fome

other

paffages

in

the

precepts,

Which

have peculiar reference

to

that

people,

as

that

fyrn-

bolical

ref1

.

required in

the

fourth precept

in

remembrance

of

their

refit

from

the

e

Egyptian

bondage,

and

the

promife

of

long

life

in

the

land

of

cancan, in the

fifth.

Yetfeeing that.

the

fubftance

of

it

is

no

other

than

the

Law

of

Nature writtenin

mans

Heart at

the

firft, and

that

by

Chrift

ourLaw

-giver

it

is

made a

part'of

the Gofpel,or lécondCovenant,

though

with

fome qualification

)

therefore

it

obliges

all

Chriftians, and

that

under

the higheft

p

ains,

.

and

is

therefore juftly called

the Law

of

Chrift.

Al!

the

parts

of`the

Moral

Law we

may find required in

the

Gofpel,

though

upon other groundsthanthofe were

laid

by

Mofes,( this

fecond

Covenant,

tta.

33.

y

:.

being

effablifhed

upon

better

promifes )

we have

the

fame rules for

our

$.

aEtion,

the

fame duties

required, the

fame fins

forbidden

;

the

difference

is

this,

that

here

God accepts

our

obedience

in

voto

at our

firft

converfion,

when

he

freely

pardons our

fins

pall.,

and experts

the

aerual

performance

-

afterward in the courte

of

our

lives, and admits repentance after

lapfes,

.

whereas the law,

as

it

was part

of

the other Covenant,

requires perfect

obedience

without

any

intermifüon,

otherwifewe having higher

promifes,

and

a

greater meafure

of

the

Spirit being

now

difpenfed

under the

Cofpel,

a

higher

degree

of

obedience

to the

law

is

now required, which

is

Yet

no

,

way,

grievous or burdenfome

to

a

true

believer, for

the

power

of

Chrifts.

Spirit,

and

the height

of

the

promifes

,

make

the

yoke

eafie

,

and

the

burden

light. Therefore

Chrift

tells

us

exprefly

he came

not

to

diffolve

the

law

,

but to

fulfil

it,

or

to

fill

it

up,

as

the

Greek

.nAnf.f.,

imports,

becaufe he

did enlarge and perfeet

it

;

and therefore

7beophylaEt

P,

g.

in

En.

makes

the Law

of

Chrift,

compared

with that of

Mc,

fes,

as

oYed¢tas

7e7,4j

the Painting

to life,to

the

cx,ay4pmfd,or

firft

draught

in black and

white,and

faith,

thatChrrf

t

did

not

x4

zoxuervcxr4yeyí4v,aiNriit6o

myrivavAnps "v,

notdeftroq

the

firft

draught,but

fill

it

up

as a

painter

perfectsa

piéture

with the

colours

ihadows,after

the

firft

draught

;

and

with

him

do generally concur

the

BacinPGl.t

o reft

of the

Fathers:Bafl

faith,that

whereas

the

old

Law faith,Thou

Shalt

not

Ori.cont.celf.

1.

s.

p. 1S9.

kill,ourLord(

Chrift

)aeaemrhp4vópta5e7m

"v,giving more

perfeEtLaws,faith,Thou

Çhryfo. to 3.p

link

not

be

angry.origen faith,that theLaws ofChrift are

xeeiroves

4

Searr¢por,

93.ed-

favil,

better

and more

Divine, than

all

thofe before him.

St.

chryfoltome

calls

thatSermon upon theMount

eixpov2ñr

000011

6f the very top

of

Philofophy,&

faith,that Chrifts giving

of

Laws,was

u

6vmd

i,roxo

vwpa:

the time or

feafon

of greater

and

higher

precepts.

Among the Latines, Tertulian faith,

Ter.1.3,contr.

Chrifi

legesfüpplementa nece(f

aria

e

ff

e

di(ciplinu creatoris,

that

the

Laws

of

ìvtarcion.c.t6.

Chrift

are neceffary

fupplements

to

the

Laws

of

the Creator,

and c6riflus

DeiCreatoris pnecepta

(upplendo

&

confervavit 6-

auxit,thatChriftpreferved

eñt

p

f

i4;

and

increafed

the

Laws

of

God

the Creator

by filling

themup.

St.

Au-

Aug.

Too

deknffinC

faith,

that Chrift

fulfilled

the Law

by

adding,

quod

minus

habet

f..r,dos.in

fie

confirmevit

and

fo

confirmed

it by

monce I.

I.

what

was

deficient,

r

reducing

it

to

more perfeftron.

And

again upon

thole

words

(

except your.

righteoufnefs,

Niii

non

Talton

eá qux

inchoant

homines

impleveritis, fed eti-

ani

afla

quo

a me

adduntur,

pi

non

veni

folvere fed

implere, tmlefs

ye not

only

fulfill

thofe which men have

begun,

but

alto

what

is

added by

me