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THg

PREFACE.

thofe

promifes are

not

abfolute

,

but

always

require the conditions

of

repentance and

new

obedience

;

it

can be

nothing but

a

fhadow

of

Faith where $efe

conditions are

not. It's true

that

(

to

believe

)

in

the

proper

and

ial

notion,

is

nothing

elfe,

but

to

affent

to the

truth of

a

propofition, upon the authority

of

the

fpeaker,

(

And to believein one

)

lignifies properly

to

truft

and rely

upon him,and doth not in its

formal con

-

ception,confidered barely and

abftraEtly

by

it

felf,include the condition

of-..

obedience

or

any

other. And therefore we may be faid

to

believe

or

truft

in

one,

that

requires no condition

of

us,

but when the

words are referred

to

one

that

commands or requires

fomething

of

us

to be

done,and

promiles

nothing;

But

upon

fuch condition ofobedience,as

nothing

is

more certain,

than that

Chrift never

promifes remiffion

of

fins,

or

life

eternal,

but upon

condition

of

Repentance and new obedience

,

In this

cafe

to believe

in

Chrift muff

of

neceflity include

obedience

to theCommandments

of Chrift,

as

the

very

life

of

faith,without which it

is

a meer

fanf-,e:

&fome have

obfer-

ved

that in theNew

Teftament,

faith

and obedience, and

unbelief

and dif-

obedience are

often

prdmifcuoufly ufed for one and

the

fame. Besaufe

that

to

truft

or believe

in

one

that

promifes

nothing but

to thofe

that

obey

him,

and

to

obey

him in

hope

of what

he

hath promifed, are

all

one

:

and

therefore

that

abfolute

affiance

or unconditionate belief

of

Gods

mercy in

Chrift , which

fome make

to

be Faith in

Chrift,

is

that

Mat.

ii.3s.

,2S;,.,4.iA,,

one

of

thofe

firft and

primitive

errors

from which thofe

dod-

rines

of

Antinomiaits and

other

SeEtaries

that

would

diffolve

the Law, do

follow

with

eafe.

When Chrift

upbrayded

the

yews for

not

believing

john the

saptifI,

though

the Harlots and Publicans believed,

who

doubts

but that

his meaning is,

that

the

one

repented

upon

johns preaching,

Aug.de

Ede

u-which

the other

did

not, although

(to

believe in

the

proper formal noti-

oret

bas

c.

í3

on)

lignifies

nothing

elfe

but

to

affent

to

the

truth of

what he

faid.

Hence

St.

Augufline

faith,

Non

folum bonam

vitam

infeperabilem

effe

aide,

fed

e;

ipfam

elfe

bonaiuvitam,

that

a

good

life, is

not

only infeparable from

Faith,

but that

Faith

is

good

life

it

felf

;

and

St. Cyprian, Qomodo fe

in

Chriftum credere

dicit

qui

non

facit

quaChriftue

facere pracipit, How can

he

lay

that

he

believes

in

Chrift, who doth not the things which Chrift

bath

commanded. And before

them

Ireneon tells

us,

that

Credere

in

chri(lum

eft

volantatern

e

ur

fasere,

to

believe

in

Chrift

is

to

do his will.

As for

that

general

Faith,

of

the

latter

School

-men, and

the

Roinanifts,

Gal_

5.6

which they make

to

be

nothing but

an affent

to

revealed

truths

for

the

au-

Ja'2'23'

thority

of

God

the

speaker

(I

fay

the latter

Shool-men,

for

fome

of

the

Elder, where

they

fpeak

of

,fide

charitate formata, which they make to

be

true

Faith,

mean

nothing

elfe,

but that which

St.

Paul calls,

Faith work-

ing

by

love,' and Saint

Tames,

Faith confummated

by

works

)

As allo

that

Faith of

fome

amongft our

felves,

who would have

it

to

be

nothing but

a

perfwafion

that

their

fins

are

pardoned in

Chrift,

&c.

Neither

of

thefe

have

any neceffary connexion

with

a

good

life,

and

therefore neitheir

of

them

is

that Faith

to

which the

promifes

of

pardon and Salvation are

an-

nexed

in

theGofpel,

Not

the

firft,

as

themfelves acknowledge, and ap-

pears

by cellar.

Who

labours

to

prove

by

many reafons

that

true Faith

may he m

a

wicked man.

Nor the

fecond, for

how doth it

neceffarily

follow,

that

if

a

man

believe

all

his

fins

paft,

prefent, and

to

come

to

be

forgiven,

that

therefore

he muff

needs

live

according

the

Rules

of Chrift,

whereas

the

contrary may rather

be inferred.

that

he

needs

not

to trou-

ble