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SUBJECT OF THE TREATISE.

xix

him

the throne

of his

father

David"

implies

that

he

shall

retain

these

powers

in his

own

hand, and

that

" he shall reign

over

the

house of

Jacob

for ever."

(Luke

i.

32,

33.)

Earthly

monarchs may

divide

their

powers

with

others, or be

in

various

ways circumscribed

in

their

exercise;

but

such

a partition

or

limitation cannot

for

a

mo-

ment

be asserted of

the Redeemer's

authority. The Scripture image

of a kingdom

is

taken

from

Oriental

despotisms, in which

there

was

but

one

master,

and all beneath him

were

subjects or

servants.

Earthly

monarchs, even

the

most

arbitrary,

find

it

necessary

to have

their

vicegerents

to supply

their

lack

of

service, for

they

are

frail,

imperfect mortals,

they

can

neither

be

in

all

places

at

the

same

time,

nor

can

they

overtake in

their

own

persons

the

labour of

con-

stant

supervision;

but

our

blessed

Lord stands in

no

need

of assis-

tants

or

assessors.

" Lo,"

he

says,

"

I

am

with

you

alway,

even

unto

the

end

of

the

world."

There

is

nothing

involved

in

these

remarks

from which

it

can

be

justly

inferred

that

the

church.

of

Christ

is

autocratic, or

that it

is

destitute

of

all

rule

or form

of

government

on earth..

It

is

granted

that

the

apostles were

rulers in

the

church,

and

that

they

speak

of

her

pastors as those

who were

"

over

her

in

the

Lord."

What

is

meant

is,

that

their

authority

is

purely

administrative;

and in this

distinction

lies

the

whole essence of

our controversy with

the

papal

pretensions.

The

apostles were

rulers

in

the

church,

they

were

not

governors

of

the

church; they

did not legislate

for

the

church,

but

merely administered

the

laws

given by

the

" One

Lawgiver;" they

did

not

form

so

many foundations of

the

church,

but

were simply

builders

on

the

"

one foundation," which

was

Jesus

Christ.

But

if the idea

of

a

delegated jurisdiction,

imparted by

our Lord

to

his apostles,

and by them

transmitted

to

their

successors, is so

pregnant with

incongruities,

it

becomes positively ridiculous

when

imagined

in the

hands

of

the

pope.

The

subdivision

of

the

power

among many, supposed

in

the

one

case,

hides

the

absurdity

of

the

claim;

but

it

develops

itself in

all

the

hideousness of caricature

when

the

claim

is

put

forth in behalf

of one

man..

Perfect unity

is

the

distinguishing prerogative

of

God,

and

in

him

it

is

the

perfection of

strength.

With the

creature

it

is

the

very reverse

;

union,

is

strength,

unity

is

weakness. To

invest

a human

unit

with the attributes and

prerogatives

of

the Infinite

One is

the

very perfection of human

absurdity and

impiety.

And the pretence

is

all

the more

absurd

and

impious when

we

consider

that

it

is,

in

the nature

of things,

impossible

that

the man

can

pcasess

a

single

kingly attribute,

or ex-

ercise

a

single

kingly

prerogative, properly belonging

to the

Head.

of