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SUBJECT OF

THE

TREATISE.

XXIII

created heaven

and earth!

Moreover, we declare, assert, define,

and

pronounce,

that

TO

BE SUBJECT

TO

THE ROMAN PONTIFF IS

TO

EVERY

HUMAN CREATURE ALTOGETHER NECESSARY

TO

SALVATION.

Given

at

the

Lateran, in

the

eighth year

of

our'pontificate.

"*

The portentous extravagance

of such

a pretence

as

that

involved

in this document

might

seem to place

it

beyond

the

category of

human

assumptions.

But

in a church

which assigns

to its priests

the

faculty of making,

and

to

its

followers

the

privilege of masti-

cating,

"the

real

body, blood,

soul,

and divinity

of

the

Son of God,"

it

is

not

easy

to imagine

any

bounds to

the

ambition

of

the

one

or

the

credulity of

the

other.

And

the

plain language

of

the

divines

of

the

Romish church

places

the

matter

of fact

beyond all

question.

Bellarmine's doctrine

is,

"By

reason

of

the

spiritual

power,

the

pope has,

at

least indirectly, a certain supreme

power

in temporal

matters." Ferraris, a great authority in

that

church,

is

still

more

explicit.

"

The pope," he

says, "

is of such

dignity,

that

he

is

not

simply man,

but,

AS

IT

WERE, GOD

I

and

the

vicar of

God.

He

occupies one

and the

same

tribunal

with Christ.

Hence

the

common

doctrine teacheth

that

the

pope Lath

the

power of

the

two

swords,

namely,

the

spiritual and the temporal." The

same doctrine is

asserted by Baronius,

the

acknowledged champion of Romanism,

who

says,

"There

can be no

doubt

but

that

the

civil

principality

is

subject

to

the

sacerdotal

;

and

that

God

hath

made

the

political government

subject to

the

dominion of

the

spiritual

church.

"t

The

fallacy on which

the

claim rests

is,

if

possible,

still more glar-

ing

than the

pope's

assumed supremacy over

the

church;

for,

in the

first place,

the universal authority

with which our Lord

is

invested

as

head of

the

church,

the

"power

given

him

over

all

flesh,"

is

inca-

pable

of

delegation

to the

creature.

It

is

the

power

of

God,

and ne-

cessarily implies,

in order to its

efficient exercise,

the

attributes

of

omniscience, omnipresence,

and

omnipotence.

It

is

equivalent with

sovereign

control

over

all the elements of nature,

the

events of pro-

vidence,

and

the

hearts

of men. To claim

participation

in this

power

amounts

on

the part

of

any creature to a denial

of

the

very

sove-

reignty in question; it

is

an

impious

attempt

to pluck

the

crown

of

Deity

from

the

Saviour's head,

and to

place

it

upon

his

own.

But, in

the next

place,

to claim

a temporal jurisdiction

over

the

kingdoms of

this

world

is

to assume

what

our

Lord

never

claimed

for

himself,

and

what

does

not

properly

belong

to

him

as mediator. During

his personal abode on

earth he repeatedly

disclaimed

all temporal jurisdiction, and

refused to

interfere with

Extray.

lib.

i.

tit.

viii.

cap.

1.

t

See

the authorities referred

to

in

"

Elliott's

Delineation of Popery,"

p.

597,

&c.