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XXIv

INTRODUCTORY ESSAY.

the

province of

civil rulers.

"

When Jesus

therefore perceived

that

they

would come

and take him by

force,

to make him a

king,

he departed

again

into

a

mountain himself

alone."

(John

vi. 15.)

When

one of

the

company saluting

him

said,

"Master,

speak

to

my brother

that

he

divide

the

inheritance with me,"

he

said

unto

him, "Man,

who

made me

a judge

or

a divider

over you

?"

And

when questioned

before

Pilate,

"Art

thou

the

king

of

the

Jews

?"

our Lord, in

acknowledging

the

justness

of

the

title, took

care

to

distinguish

his

claim from

that

which was involved

in the

ques-

tion

as

put

by

Pilate:

" Jesus

answered, My

kingdom

is

not

of

this

world."

Words and

deeds could

not

more clearly

attest

that

he

claimed no

temporal

or civil

jurisdiction

over men.

Nor

was

this jurisdiction

delegated to him by

the Father.

It

is

true,

as

the

apostle

declares,

that

"the

God

of our Lord

Jesus

Christ,

the

Father

of

glory,

hath put

all

things under his

feet,

and

gave

him

to

be head

over all

things" (that

is,

overruling head)

"to the

church,

which

is

his

body,

the

fulness

of him

that

filleth all

in

all." (Eph.

i.

17, 22, 23.)

This

implies

a

universal

power

and

pre

-

eminence

"over all things,"

including,

of

course,

earthly kings and

govern-

ments,

so

that

he has

a right

to demand

their

homage,

and to

overrule every

thing

connected with

their

administration to the ad-

vantage of his church;

but

it

does

not

imply

that

he

is

invested

with the

government of these earthly

kingdoms, or

that

their

rulers

are

to

be regarded

as his

viceroys,

ruling under

him, or by delegation

from

him

as mediator.

The church

is

his body, his only body, of

which

he

is

the

only head,

the

kingdom

in

which

he

reigns,

to

which

he

has

given

laws,

and

of which

he

is

the

sole

governor. To

speak of his "headship

over

the

nations"

as

bearing any analogy to

his

"headship

over

the

church,"

is obviously

to

confound two

things

essentially

different.

Nations, though

"put

under

his feet," as

a

conqueror,

and though bound to

acknowledge

him

as

the

head of

the

church, are

in

no

proper

sense

the

body of Christ.

He

can

only

be

said to

be

their head in the

sense

of having

the

superiority

over

them, and

the right to

overrule

them to the

advancement

of

his spiritual

kingdom. As

mediator he neither

gives

them a

corpo-

rate

existence

nor administers jurisdiction

over

them;

and

therefore

earthly rulers

neither

receive

their

power from

the Head

of

the

church, nor are

they

amenable to him

as

their

governor.

Like

Solomon, his

prototype, he may subdue

the

surrounding

nations,

and

render them tributary

to

the

advancement

of

his

own

spiritual king-

dom;

but

still

he

is

not the

king

of

the

Philistinès, nor of

the

Am-

monites,

nor of

the

Sidonians,

but the

king

of

Zion.

He

denies