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AUTHOR OF

THE

TREATISE.

.

XXXI

was

distinguished by

a

more

than

ordinary

share of

judgment

and

good

sense.

In

1655, Barrow,

disappointed

in

obtaining

a

Greek

professorship,

determined to complete his education by travelling in

foreign parts.

After

visiting

France and Italy, he

prosecuted his

journey

as

far

as

Constantinople,

not

only

gratifying

his curiosity by

the

way,

but

en-

larging his stores of knowledge by intercourse

with living authors

and

by consulting libraries.

It

was

at

Constantinople

that

he

formed

acquaintance with

the

Greek fathers,

and particularly with

Chrysos-

tom,

so

many quotations

from whom enrich his Treatise

on

the

Supre-

macy.

After an

absence of four years,

he returned

home in

time

to

witness

the

restoration

of

Charles;

an

event

which

he hailed

with unfeigned

enthusiasm, and in honour

of

which

he penned

a

Latin

poem,

charged with

the

most

extravagant and laboured

pane-

gyric.

After this

event,

the

scanty incidents

in the

life

of this

illustrious

scholar may

be

comprised

in a

few sentences.

Having

received

episcopal

ordination,

it

was

confidently

anticipated

by all

his

friends

that

a

man

at

once

so

loyal

and

so

learned

would be sure,

on

the

restoration

of

the

old regime,

to receive

the

highest

ecclesiastical

preferment.

In

this,

however,

he and they

were

destined to be

dis-

appointed.

He

was

elected, indeed,

to

the

Greek chair in his

own

college,

and

lectured

for some

time

to

empty

benches.

He

was

there-

after promoted to

two professorships of

mathematics; in

which more

congenial

study he

acquired

a

world-wide

reputation, sustained

even

to

the

present

day,

by

his

name

being

associated

with

that

of

his

illustrious pupil, Sir Isaac Newton.

In

1670,

he

was

by mandate

created Doctor

in

Divinity.

But

his only

preferment in

the

church

which he had done

so

much

to

serve was

a

small sinecure

in

Wales,

which

he

owed

to his uncle,

the

Bishop of

St

Asaph,

whose

name-

sake he

was,

and afterwards

a prebendal stall in

the

Cathedral

of

Salisbury, from his friend

the

bishop of

that

place,

Dr

Seth

Ward.

At

length, in 1672,

five

years before his death,

he

obtained

the

mas-

tership

of

Trinity

College,

Cambridge. On

the

occasion

of

this

pro-

motion, his majesty

was

pleased

to

say

that

"

he had

given

it

to the

best

scholar

in

England." Posterity,

however, will

generally agree

that,

judging

by

the

monarch's

own

estimate

of

the

man, and by

the

value

attached

by both to

the

dignity of

the

episcopate,

the

gift

was

far beneath

Dr

Barrow's

deserts,

and

that

he had

too good

reason

for complaining, as he did,

in an unpublished poem:

"

Te magis

optavit

rediturum,

Carole, nemo,

Et

nemo

sensit

to

rediisse minus."