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REASONS AGAINST

THE

ROMISH NOTION OF UNITY.

397

members of

which,

though

they

be divided into

many and

different

places,

are

yet

cherished by one

Spirit,

that

is,

by

the

will of

God."'

And

Gregory

the Great:

"

Our

head,

which is

Christ, would therefore have us be his mem-

bers,

that

by

the joints

of charity

and

faith he

might

make us

one

body

in himself."'

Clemens

Alexandrinus

defines

the

church,

" A

people

gathered together

out of Jews and Gentiles into

one

faith,

by

the

giving

of

the testaments

fitted into

unity

of faith.

"3

"

This

one church, therefore,

partakes

of

the nature

of

unity, which

heresies

violently endeavour to divide into

many; and

therefore

we

affirm

the

ancient

and catholic church,

whether

we

respect its

con-

stitution or our

conception of it,

its beginning

or

its

excellency,

to

be

but

one: which into

the

belief

of

that

one creed

which

is

agree-

able to

its

own

peculiar testaments,

or

rather

to

that

one

and

the

same

testament,

in times however different, by

the

will of one

and

the

same

God,

through

one

and

the

same Lord, unites

and

combines

together

all those

who

are

before

ordained, whom God

hath

predes-

tinated,

as

knowing

that

they

would be

just

persons, before

the

foun-

dation of

the

world.

"'

/

Many

passages

in the

fathers applicable to

this point

we

have

alleged in

the

foregoing discourses.'

4.

The constitution

of such

an unity

involves

the

vesting some

person or

some

number of

persons with

a

sovereign

authority,

subor-

dinate

to

our Lord, to

be

managed

in

a

certain manner, either ab-

solutely, according

to

pleasure, or

limitedly,

according

to certain

rules prescribed to

it.

But

that

there

was ever

any such

authority

constituted, or any rules

prescribed to

it,

by

our Lord

or his apostles,

does

not appear; and

there

are

divers reasonable

presumptions against

ft.

It

is

reasonable,

that

whoever claims such

authority

should, for

assuring his

title,

show

patents

of his

commission,

manifestly

express

Kai

a a,

sT,ar

rñ,

zado.Zrxñv aiTOh

ixx7.noiav ßeßenatprecr

Ps

e1

xai

T6 paáarvrce

,iÇ

a'cb.-

xabç

zai

Sicapápouç

só9rovs

is

pipn

Sgípesar,

áb..1.' ápaaç iv)

nrebpaasr, T,v

-íe,,

Try

Oeic

gouloj+

parr

Sáb.9rerar.

Const. M.

in

Ep.

ad

Eccles., Euseb. Vit. Const.

iii.

18.

2

Caput nostrum, quod Christus

est,

ad

hoc

sua

esse

membra

nos

voluit,

ut

per

com-

pagem

charitatis

et

fidei

unum

nos

in

se

corpus efficeret.

Greg.

M.,

Ep.

vii. 111.

3

'O

iz

vápaou

zai

i ithr.v

eiç

rh,

psis,

yr

emry

esvayápsvoç

Xecó;.

Strom.

vi.

init.

T,

xasá

TGLÇ

haioixaç

Sóvu exeuet ípssv,v

Fig

ivósnra eh,

9rivseroç.

Ibid,

vii. p.

516.

4

Tñ yob,

Toh ivàç

Oes,

avyxb.npoüar

ixoo)

se

a

ñ poix,

ñv

sis

sroxxá;

zararápovery ß,si ovras

aipierç xará

es

oúv

b9,íeexçrv,

xasá

se

iorivorav,

xasá

es ápxhv

(

principium),

xasá

es

ápaxñv, póvnv eivar

gxpoe,

Tñv

lepxaíav

xai

xxPob.rxh,

ixzinviav

si,

isíenra

viol..;

teas

ehç

xará

Tá,

oizeias 1,xisixaç,

paaab.or

Si

xasá

ehv

SraAvixnv

rev

poiav

haQ

pore

Tots

vows,

ive4

Tot";

Oçoú

eo

fiauxspaarr Si

isis roh

Kupiou

vus4yoeoav sob,

xxeaeseaypaevauç,

oú;

9rpoov'pross,

Srxalavç

1001141,04

97pÓ

xasaßob.ñ;

xóvpcou

iyvoozo'ç.

Strom.

vii.

p.

549.

e

Catholicam

facit

simplex

et verus intellectus, intelligere

singulare, ac verissimum

sacramentum,

et

unitas

animorum.

Opt.

L,

p.

14.

Ecclesia non

parietibus consistit,

sed

in

dogmatum

ventate,

&c.

Hier.

Ps.

cxxxiii.