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410

DISCOURSE

ON

THE UNITY

OF

THE CHURCH.

were one small

nation, which conveniently

might be

embodied,

but

the

Christian church

should consist

of

all nations, which

renders

cor-

respondence

in

this

particular unpracticable,

at

least without

great

inconvenience.

Ans.

4.

Before

the

law,

Christian

religion,

and consequently

a

Christian

church,

in

substance subsisted;

but

what unity of

govern-

ment

was

there then

?

Euseb.

list,

i.

4;

Baron., App.

ii.

Ans.

5.

The temporal union of

the

Jews

might

only figure

the

spiritual

unity

of Christians in faith, charity, and

peace.

Arg.

VII.

All

ecclesiastical power was

derived

from

the

same

fountains,

by

succession from

the

apostles; therefore,

the

church

was

one

political

body.

Ep.

p. 51

-55;

Lat.,

p.

157.

Ans.

1.

Thence

we

may

rather

infer

that

churches are

not

so

united,

because

the

founders of

them

were several persons endowed

with

co-

ordinate and equal

power.

Iren.

iii.

3;

Tert.

Præscr. xxxi.,

xxxii.

Ans.

2.

The

apostles

in

several churches

constituted

bishops in-

dependent

from each

other; and

the

like may be

now,

either

by

suc-

cession from

those or

by the constitutions

of

human

prudence,

accord-

ing

to emergencies of

occasion

and

circumstances

of

things.

Ans.

3.

Divers churches

were

alróvepor,

and all

were

so

according

to

St

Cyprian.

Ans.

4.

All temporal

power is derived from

Adam and

the patri-

archs,

ancient fathers

of families. Does

it

thence

follow

that

all

the

world

must

be

under

one secular government?

Arg.

VIII.

All

churches exercised

a

power

of excommunication,

or of excluding heretics, schismatics, disorderly

and

scandalous

people.

Ep.,

p.

59,

125;

Lat.,

p.

185,

195.

Ans.

1.

Each

church

was

vested with this

power. This,

therefore,

only infers

a

resemblance of several churches

in discipline;

which

we

avow.

A

ns.

2.

This argues

that

all

churches took themselves

to be

obliged

to preserve

the

same faith, to exercise

charity and

peace,

to maintain

the like

holiness of conversation.

What

then?

do we

deny this?

Ans.

3.

All kingdoms and states punish

offenders

against

reason

and justice, banish

seditious

and

disorderly persons,

uphold

the

principles

and practice

of

common honesty

and morality.

Does

it

thence

follow

that

all

nations must

come

under

one civil govern-

ment?'

Arg. IX. All

churches

maintained

intercourse

and

commerce

with

i

Excommunication of other churches is only a declaration against

the

deviation from

Christian

truth,

or piety, or charity.

Communio suspensa

restituitur

demonstranti

causas,

quibus id acciderat,

jam

esse

detersas,

et profitenti

conditiones pacis

impletas.

P.

Inn.

I.,

Ep. xvi.

de

Attico Constant.

Ep.