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COROLLARIES FROM

THE PRECEDING

ARGUMENT.

415

Catholics against

other

churches, for

not submitting to

the

Roman

chair, are groundless,

they

depending

on

the

supposition

that

all

churches must necessarily be united

under

one government.

2.

The

injustice of

the

adherents to

that

see,

in claiming an empire

or

jurisdiction

over all, which

never

was

designed by our Lord, heavily

censuring

and

fiercely

persecuting those

who will

not

acknowledge it.

3.

All

churches, which have

a fair

settlement in

several countries,

are

co-

ordinate,

neither

can one challenge a

jurisdiction

over

the

other.

4.

The nature of

schism

is

hence declared,

viz.,

that it

consists

in

disturbing

the

order

and

peace of

any

single

church; in withdrawing

from

it

obedience and compliance

with

it;

in obstructing

good corre-

spondence,

charity,

peace,

between several churches;

in condemning

or censuring

other

churches

without

just

cause,

or beyond due mea-

sure; in

refusing

to maintain

communion

with other churches with-

out

reasonable

cause,

whence

Firmilian

challenged

Pope Stephanus

with

schism.'

5.

Hence

the right

way

of reconciling dissensions among Christians

is

not

[by] affecting to set

up a

political

union of several

churches,

or

subordination

of all

to

one power;

not

for one church

to enter-

prise upon

the liberty

of

others,

or

to

bring

others

under it,

as

is

the

practice of

the

Roman church

and

its abettors

;

but

for

each

church

to

let the

others

alone,

quietly enjoying its

freedom

in

ecclesiastical

administrations, only declaring against

apparently hurtful

errors

and

factions; showing good

-will,

yielding

succour, advice, comfort,

upon

needful occasion; according

to

that

excellent advice of

the

Constan-

tinopolitan fathers

to

the

pope

and

western bishops.

After having

acquainted them with

their

proceedings, towards

the

conclusion

they

thus exhort

them:

" We having in

a

legal

and

canonical way

determined these

con-

troversies, beseech

your reverence to congratulate with

us,

your

charity spiritually interceding,

the

fear

of

the

Lord

also compressing

all human

affection,

so

as

to make

us

to prefer

the

edification

of

the

churches to all private respect

and

favour toward each

other;

for

by

this

means

the

word of

faith being consonant among

us,

and

Christian charity

bearing

sway over us, we

shall

cease

from speak-

ing after

that

manner

which

the

apostle condemns,

`

I

am of Paul,

and

I

am of

Apollos,

and

I

am

of

Cephas;'

for

if

we

all

appear to

be

`

of

Christ,'

who

is

not

divided amongst

us, we

shall

then, through

God's

grace,

preserve

the

body

of

the

church from

schism,

and

pre-

sent

ourselves before

the

throne

of

Christ with

boldness.

"'

i

Excidisti

enim

teipsum;

noli

te fallen;

siquidem ille est vere schismaticus,

qui

se

a

communione ecclesiasticee

unitatis

apostatam fecerit.

Firmll.,

apud

Cypr.,

Ep. lxxv.

2

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