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416

DISCOURSE

ON

THE UNITY

OF

THE

CHURCH.

6.

All

that

withdraw

their

communion or

obeisance from

particu-

lar churches fairly

established,

unto

which

they

belong, or where

they

reside,

incur

the guilt

of schism:

for

such persons

being

de

jure

subject to those

particular

churches,

and

excommunicating

them-

selves,

consequentially sever themselves from

the

catholic

church;

they

commit

great

wrong toward

that

particular

church,

and

toward

the

whole

church

of

Christ.'*

7.

Neither

does

their

pretence of

joining

themselves to

the

Roman church

excuse

them

from schism: for

the

Roman church has

no

reason

or

right

to admit

or to

avow

them;

it

has no power to

exempt

or excuse

them

from

their duty;

it

thereby abets

their

crime

and

involves

itself

therein;

it

wrongs

other

churches.

Syn.

Sard.

can. xiii. Gr.

As no

man

is freed from

his allegiance

by pretending

to

put

himself

under the

protection of

another

prince,

neither

can

another

prince

justly

receive such disloyal

revolters into his patron-

age.

It

is

a rule grounded upon apparent

equity,

and frequently

de-

clared

by

ecclesiastical canons,

that

no church shall

admit

into

its

protection

or

communion

any

persons who are excommunicated

by

another

church, or

who

withdraw themselves

from

it

(Thornd. Lat.,

p.

220);

for

self

-

excommunication, or spiritual felony de

se,

involves

the

church's excommunication, deserving

it

and preventing

it:'

Airoxarc

eprroç,

" Condemned of himself," Tit.

iii. 11.

Which

canon, as

the

African fathers allege and expound it, pro-

hibits

the "pope

himself"

from receiving persons

rejected by any

other church.'

xaTao,íXXôvmo;

(Compressing)

ávepaxivnv

srpoovrsehleev,

Tflv

ói

ÉxxXxTrWV oixaóopamv

apoTrpea-

Tópav TadtiVTO;

Táis arpaç Táv

aced'

Ëva

ovpevraAEías

4

x6prTaç

alma,

yap

ToFiTS

Tñs aaTTEas

vupa0aysAivTos

?íyou,

zai

Tïrç

xrroTravrzñç xupadsion;

Év

iipe

;v

ayávrns

vraveópaila

T.Éyov.rEç

orapá

Tn,v

avraoTiatáv xamsyvaapcivov,

'Eyñ,

p.ív

siptr

IIa(Aav,

iyo)

'Avroa.xñv, tyn'l

ós

Knrpa

9rávmss

Ss

Xpromaü

1pavivTES,

le

i

ñary

p"p.iproTar

äaxraTav

Tá oa- "pea

Tñs

laxílnaías

Tspir-

etaasv,

xai

TPl

AripeaTr

TO-2;

Kvpíou

pasmá

vraPPnoías

vrapaaTnaípeoAa.

Theod.

V.

9.

1

Aug.

contra Jul.

Ep. ii.

Te certe occidentalis

terra

generavit, occidentalis re-

generavit

ecclesia:

quid

ei

queens

inferre

quod

in

ea non invenisti, quando in ejus

membra

venisti?

imo

quid,

&c.

This sentiment

does

not

seem

to

be sufficiently qualified, unless

by " churches

fairly

established" is meant churches established upon a

scriptural

foundation. Barrow

himself elsewhere

admits

that

there must

be

"

lawful and orthodox bishops"

in

the

church

to

render separation

"

a mortal

schism," or,

as

he

explains

it, "

a

very grave

sin."

De

Regimine Episcopali.

En.

2

EI

Trç

xXxpacaç

ñ

xa;xó;

árpreprapaivos,

;Tor

lasaTaç

áorE7.Aiwv,

iv

l

ipep

aíXoo

óE,C1

ä01u

wapapaárav eveTaTrxav,

agoçríaia

xai

ó

lo,ápcsvaç,

xai

ó

l,xAEís.

Apost.

Can.

xii. Kpa

Tolva

¿0

loan

xa'a

Táv

xaváva

TÓV

to

opooíe,ra Toú;

avro5X

ívvas,

úrp'

kípaY

pail

ar

orísodar

Conc.

Nic., can

v.

If

any clerk

or laic, who

bath

been excommunicated,

and not

yet

re-

admitted

(by

his

own church),

shall

depart

thence,

and be

received in

another city without

letters

commendatory,

both

be

who receives

him and

he

that

is

received

let

them

be excommunicated.

Let the

sentence be

ratified which

is according

to

that

canon

which

commands

others not

to

admit

those whom

others

have ejected."

'

M51ì

mobs

vrap'

o

v

avroxorvavkrovs sis

1Lavalvíav m:;/ :1000ral

aiXnvo l_gaada,,

iovo'lav

ToaTo

xai

iv

Nrxaiá

Tura?,

íprooiìo

siyspo,ç

oiípor

¿

ai

osßaop ívnç.

Syn.

Afr.

Ep.

ad

P.

Z

lr