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ROMAN

CHURCH CHARGEABLE WITH

SCHISM.

417

So

when

Marcion,

having been excommunicated by

his

own.

father,

coming

to

Rome, sued

to

be received

by

that

church into

com-

munion,

they

refused,

telling him

that

" they

could

not

do

it

without

the

consent of

his reverend

father, between whom

and them there

being

one

faith and

one

agreement

of mind,

they

could

not

do

it

in

opposition

to

their

worthy

fellow-

labourer,

who was also

his father.

"'

St

Cyprian refused to

admit

Maximus,

sent

from

the

Novatian

party, to

communion.

Ep.

lv., p.

113.

So

Pope

Cornelius rejected Felicissimus, condemnedby

St

Cyprian,

without farther inquiry.'

It

was

charged

upon

Dioscorus as

a

heinous misdemeanour,

that

"he

had,

against

the

holy

canon,

by

his

proper authority,

received

into communion

persons excommunicated by others.

"'

The

African

synod,

at

the

suggestion of

St

Augustine,

decreed,

that

"

if

it

happened

that

any

for

their

evil

deeds were deservedly

expelled

out

of

the

church,

and

taken

again into communion by any

bishop or

priest

whomsoever,

that

he

also who

received

him

should

incur

the

same

penalty of

excommunication.

"`

The

same

is

by

later

papal

synods

decreed:

"The

authority

of

the

holy canons

has

enacted,

and

the

universal custom of

the

church

proves,

that

the

person

who

has been

justly

excommunicated

by

any

one

bishop, no

other

bishop

may presume to

absolve."

"Those

who

have

been excommunicated

bytheirown

bishopswe most

imperatively

forbid

to

be received into communion by

other

bishops,

abbots,

or

clergy."

"Let

him

who

presumes

to communicate knowingly with

an

excom-

municated

man,

before

he

has

been

absolved by

him

who excommu-

nicated him, be held

pp

to be himself

obnoxious

to

the

same sentence.

"'

Celest. 1.

El

r,,

úa'ó

T,

INN/

iTrezórav

¢zetuclynreç yíyovóv,

cc91

apí.Cpa,

abrìc

.Tap'

crírc

c

acxAñvar,

ci

(.1491

va' abreú

a'apaaáxAsin rou

ióiau Évnozósrav,

&c.-Canc.

Ant.,

can.

vi.

;

Idem

in

Conc.

Sard.,

can.

xiii. xiv.,

Grcec.

'Excyc,

ri

11491

1A,X4oamí

/AS

bareSi;aedar;

rmv

ñc

von,,

irr

ob SLydp

sda

rivcu

.'ph

ia.

mpaañs

rev

rtpcíeu

srarpós

eau

raro

aarvjvaar

,cí14

ydp

/arty

i,

Xieraç,

zai

pia

óaóvara,

zxi

eb

icn

aetla

ivarric

ri.ar

riy

za).m

ecù

,crreupyil,

aa.pì

oïi.

Epiph.

Hoer.

alii.

2

Ep.

lv.

init.

(abs to

rejectum.)

Vid. Rig.

p.

79.

8

-

quosdam

a

diversis

conciliis

rite

damnatos,

in

communionem,

propria auctori-

tate,

suscepit, sanctis

regulis

pra3cipientibus excommunicates ab alüs,

in

communionem

alios non debere suscipere.

Ep.

Syn.

Chale.

ad

Imper.,

Act.

iv. p.

286.

zaAarpaAívma

zavav,zw's

arapá ror,

:Slav

ivr,exícr,v

abdsveyioaç

ázaveyierwç

ci;

xe,vwniav ióáí

aro.Evag.

ii.

4.

4

Augustinus

episcopus,

legatus

provinciae Numidiae

dixit;

Hoc

statuere

dignamini,

ut

si

qui forte merito

facinorum suorum ab

ecclesia

pulsi sunt,

et

sive ab aliquo epis-

copo

vel presbytero

fuerint

in

communionem suscepti,

etiam

ipse

pari

cum eis crimine

teneatur

obnoxius,

&c.

Cod.

Afr.,

can. ix.

5

Sanctorum quippe canonum sanxit auctoritas,

et

ea passim

ecclesia3

consuetudo

servat,

ut

a quolibet

juste

excommunicatum

episcopo,

alius

absolvere non

praesumat.

P.

Urb.

IL,

Ep. xx., apud Bin. A suis

episcopis excommunicates,

ab aliis

episcopis,

abbatibus et

clericis

in

communionem recipi proculdubio prohibemus.

Conc.

Lat.

I,

sub

P.

Calixto

II.,

cap. ix.

Qui vero excommunicate

antequam ab

eo

qui eum

excom-

municaverit absolvatur, scienter communicare præsumpserit,

pari

sententiæ

teneatur

obnoxius.

Cant.

Lat.

II.,

sub

Innoc.

II.,

can.

iii.

VOL.

I.

27