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PREFACE

TO

THE PRESENT EDITION.

THE

present edition of

Barrow's Treatise

is

intended to

form

the

first of

a

series of republications, consisting of

the

most valuable and

effective

works which

have appeared

on

the

Popish Controversy,

which, should

the

publisher be

encouraged in his

undertaking, may

form

a

complete

Protestant

Library.

No

such

library

could

be

deemed complete

without including

the

masterly Treatise ofBarrow;

and though

it

has been very

frequently reprinted,

it

was

thought

that, at the

present time, when

the

controversy has been revived

in

such

extraordinary

circumstances,

another

edition, accompanied with

Introduction and

Notes,

was

still demanded.

The Treatise

is seldom

to

be

met

with

now

apart

from

Barrow's

works, which

usually

amount to

four volumes

octavo.

And,

besides

the

cheapness of

the

present

volume,

it

is hoped

that

this

edition will be found

to

possess

several

advantages

above

all its

predecessors.

The

original

manuscript of

the

Treatise

is

understood to be still

preserved

in Trinity

College,

Cambridge, ofwhich Barrow

was Master.

But

it

was

left in

a

very imperfect

state;

and no

revision of

the

work,

according

to

that

manuscript, can supply

the

defects,

or

produce

any

thing

more

than the

first

edition by Tillotson,

which,

we

have

reason to believe,

was

a

faithful

copy of

the

original.

No

attempt.

however,

has

ever

been made by subsequent editors to improve upon

the

first

edition

of

the

Treatise.

It

has been reprinted,

over

and

over again,

exactly

as

it

appeared

in

1680. To

any

who will

be

at

the

trouble

of

making

the

comparison,

the

improvements

we

have

made

on

the

former editions will

at

once

be manifest;

others,

and

those

which have

cost

the

greatest

labour, may

not

be

so

apparent.

We

may

specify,

however,

the

following

particulars:

-

1.

To

the

Treatise

is prefixed

an Introductory

Essay,

relating to

the

subject,

the

author, and

the

Treatise

itself.

This

seemed

to be

demanded by

the

distance of

time

since

the

work

was

published, and

the

peculiar aspect which

the

supremacy of

the

pope has assumed

in

our

day.

The editor has attempted

here,

and throughout his

notes,