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A

TREATISE

OP

TIIE

POPE'S

SUPREMACY.

"Now the

names

of the

twelve apostles

were these; The first, Simon

(rtpr,ros,

Biwo,r),

who is

called

Peler."

MATT.

x.

2.

AMONG

the

modern

controversies,

there

is

scarce

any of greater

con-

sequence

than

that

about universal

supremacy, which

the

bishop of

Rome claims over

the Christian church;

the

assertion whereof

on

his

side depends

upon

livers

suppositions,

namely these:

I. That

St

Peter,

by

our Lord's

appointment,

had

a

primacy,

im-

plying

a

sovereignty

of authority andjurisdiction

over the apostles.

II.

That

the

rights

and

prerogatives

of

this sovereignty were

not

personal, but derivable

and transmitted

to

successors.

III.

That

St Peter

was

bishop

of

Rome.

IV.

That

St Peter

continued

bishop

of

Rome

after

his

transla-

tion,

and

was

so

at

his

decease.

V.

That

hence

of right

to

the bishops

of

Rome,

as

St Peter's

suc-

cessors,

an

universal

jurisdiction

over the whole

church

of

Christ.

appertains.

VI. That

in fact

the

said

bishops

continually

from

St Peter's

time

have enjoyed

and

exercised

this power.

VII.

That

this power

is

indefectible, such

as

by

no

means can

be

forfeited

or

fail.

In

order

to the

discussion

and

resolution of

the

first

point,

I

shall

treat

upon

the

primacy of

St

Peter,

endeavouring to

show

what

primacy he

was

capable of or

might

enjoy,

what he

could

not

pre-

tend

to

nor

did

possess.

SUPPOSITION I.

THE

first supposition of those who claim universal

jurisdiction to

the

pope over

the

church

is,

That

St Peter

had

a

primacy

over the

apostles.