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[ 5

J

rals, and Mutinies of Souldiers, delivered up the

Empire to the Infidels. And the Bifhop of

Rome

became the Chief Rebel, and fet up the French in

the Wefiern Empire, againfl his Lawful Prince,

and furthered the .Divifion of the Empire to

it~

Ruine.

But

this Divifion occafioned an Univer.:.

fal Claim.

§

V.

In

all the old Contefis it never came in–

to the mind of the Emperors or· the Councils,

to

_fe't up a Government over all the World, but on–

ly in the Empire : They never Summoned the

Bia1ops ofall the World but ohly of the Empire

(and not mofr of them.

J

As

I

have oft faid,

The Subfcriptions yet tell us that

it

was the Hi!hops

of rhe

Roman'Provinces.

But the Empire being

large, they ufed fometime the [welling phr4lfe of

totim Orbu

,

meaning

Orbis Romani :

And the

Greek Patriarchs never dreamed of a

Jus

Divi–

m~m,

or Eltablilhment by Chrift, or his Apofiles,

much lefs of an Univerfal Power : For they all

knew that

Conftamir,JOple

had n6 fuch pretence,

being anew Erected Seat ; -And they were not

fo

impudent as to profefs

to

fee

a

Humane Law

a~

gain!l:

a

Divine: And the

Roman

Biiliop long

\-vent no higher, nor ever ufed that Argument a–

gainfi

Conftantinople

[My

Power is of God and yoMrs

but ofMen]

which had been mofi

obviom

and

un–

r,efiftible,

and therefore would have been ·ufed,

had it been true and then believed.

But

at

lafl:,

from the

Name

of Saint

Peterls

Suc–

ceifor.,

the Pope began a double new Claim.·

I.

TQ A DIVINE

RIGHT.

2.

TO

TilE

GO–

Vi:.RNMENT

.0

FALL THE WORLD

(of

Chrifi:ians at lea{[.

)

And the breaking

of

the

Empire neceffitated

him

to this

pretence

which

·

B

3

his