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The

`Preface

to

the

Reader.

main

End

and

Scope,

of

what they did

:

what

they pretendedly or

really defign'd

what

was

the ConduEt,Tendency

and Refult

of

their Confults and

A

&ions: where-

in

they truly failed, and how, and why

?

Such things

as

there call

for

the greaten

Clearnefs, Freedom and Sincerity, Pains and

Judgment;

and

I

may

add, a great

Concern

for

"Publicly Good,

which

is

the

Ioveliefl Property,

and

dearefi

Symptom

of

a large

and

noble

Soal.

Hinory

fhould

inform, admonifh innru&,

and

reclaim, reform,

en-

courage Men that

read

it.

And therefore

they

tiat

write it

fliould dJa¢ic,tla

Banedr

{r,

i.

e.

difcern thingsExcellent

, and thole

things in

their

difference each from

other,

and

in

their importanceto the Reader

; and fo take

care

that nothing

doubtful

,

falte,

impertinent, mean,

injurious, cloudy, or needlefly provoking

or

reflecting

be

expofed to Publick View by them

;

nor

any

thing

excef

live

or

defeEtive,

as

rela-

ting to

the

jun

and

worthy

Ends

of

Hiftory.

The

Author

of the

fubfequent

Hifto-

ry

(

now with

God)

had an

Eagle's

Eye,

an

honer

Heart,

a

thoughtful

Soul,

a

fearching and confiderate

Spirit,

and

a

concerned frame

of

Mind to

let

the

prefenc

and

fucceeding Generations duly

know the

real and true Rate

and

iffues

of the

Oc-

currendps

and

TranfaRtions

of

his Age

and Day

;

andhow much

Judgment,

Truth,

and

Candour

appear

in

his

following Accounts

of

Things, the Candid and Impar-

tial Reader will

eafily

and quickly be refolved about. Scandals,arifing from Igno-

rance and mifreports

of what

related to our

Church

and State greatly

affedted

his

very tender Spirit

;

and the removal and prevention

of

them, and

of

what

Guilt,

Calamities and Judgments might or did attend

chofe

Scandals, was

what induced

Mr,

Baxter

to

leave

Pofterity

this

Hiftory of

his

Life

and Times.

§

III.

Memorable

Perfons,

Confultations,

A&ions, and Events

(

with their

refpe&ive

Epochs,

Succeltions and

Periods)

are the

Subjet

Matter of

Hinory:

Propriety,

clearnefs

and vigour

of

Expreflion

is

what duly andgratefully reprefents the

Matter

to

the Reader. Accurate Method

gives

advantage

to theMemory,

as

well

as

fatisfa-

&tion

to the Judgment.

The

faithfulnefs, fulnefs, and freedom

of

relation conci-

liates

a

good Reputation to

the

Writer

by

'its

convincing

Influences

upon the

Rea-

der's

mind ;

and

thus

it

powerfully

claims

and extorts

his

Submillion

to the evident

credibility

of

what he

erufes

:

and the weight and

ufefulnefs

of

the

Things

rela-

ted

makes

the Reader ferious, and concerned to obferve what he

reads

:

for finding

the

Matter great, the Expreflion proper

and lively, the

Current of the

Hinory

or-

derly and

exa&,

and the

Purpofes and Ends various and

important which the Hi-

Rory,

fubferves,

he accordingly

values

and

ufes

it

as

a

Treafure. And from thence

.

he

extras

fuch Maxims and

Principles

as

may

greatly behead him in every Exi-

gence, and in

every

Station and

Article

of

Trait

and Concern, and Negotiation.

Hiftory

tells

us

who

have been upon

the

Stage,

how they came into

Bufinefs

and

Truft,

what

was

the Compafs

and

Import oftheir Province, what they

themfelves

therein

fignified

to others

;

and

what,

others to them

;

and

what

all availed

to Po-

sterity, and how they went

off,

andfo what Figure

they molt

deferv'd

to

make

in

the

Records''

of Time.

§

1V.

He

that

well confiders

the Nature

of

Man,

his

Relation

to God,

God's governing

of

Man,

and the Condu&

of Providence

purfuant

to God's

concerns

with Men, and

their

concerns

with him,

as

allo

the

Difcipline and

Interens

of

the Holy War with

Satan,

will read

Hiftory with

a finer

Eye

and to better purpofe

than

others can.

To

covet,endeavour and obtain ability andfurniture from

Hiftory,

Philology

,

Divi-

nity,erc.

to

minifter to

difcurfive

Entertainment,

or

Self.conceitednefs,

Ambition,

Preferment, or Reputation with Men,

is

a defign

(when ultimate)

fo

mean in God's

Eye,

fo odious and noyfom

toothers, when

by them

difcerned,

and lò uncomforta-

ble and fatal to

our

felves

when at

lan

accounted for,

as

that

no

wife

Man

would

terminate

and center

himfelf,

or his

Studies

there.

I

have feen

all forts

of

Learning

differently placed, ufed, and

iffued.

I

can Ray patiently ro

fee

the

Ian Refults

of

all.

I

havefeen

Learning

excellently implanted

in

a

gracious heart

:

(So

it

was

in

Mr.

Baxter, and

in

feveral

Prelates,

and Conformins and Non-conformifts, and o-

thers:

it

is

fo at this

day).

I

have feen

it without Grace; or not

fo

evidently

un-

der the

influences

and conduis

of

Grace,as

I

have greatly

defred it

might havebeen

:

and here what

Partiality,

Malignity, Fa

&ion

, Domination,

Supercilioufnefs

and

Inve

&fives

bath

his

Hiltory

and other Learning miniftred unto

!

Indeed

fansified

Learning

bath

a lovely

Ihow:

And the Learning of

gracelefs Perfons hash

in

many

lnitances and

Evidences greatly befriended God's

'ravel

in the Chriftian

World.

And