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i39

T

H

E

T'I

F

E

O

F

T

H

E

R

E

V

E

R

E

N

D

Mr.

Richard

Baxter.

PARTII.

N

the Time

of

the late unhappy Wars

in

thefe Kingdoms,

the

Controverftes about

Church Government,

were

in

moft

Mens mouths, and made the greateft Noife, being

hotly

a-

gitated by

States

-men and Divines,by Words and

Writings:

which made

it

neceffary

to

me,

to

fet

my

felf

to the

molt

ferious

Rudy

of

thofe Points

:

The

refult

of

which

was,

this

confident and

fetled

Judgment,

that

of

the

four contending

Parties,

(

the Eraftian, Epifcopal, Presbyterian and Inde-

pendant) each one had

fome

Truthsin peculiar, which the other overlookt,ortook

little noticeof,

and each onehad

their proper

Miftakes

which

gave

advantage

to

their

Adverfaries ;

though

all

of

them

had

fo

much truth in

common among them,

as

would

have made thefe

Kingdoms

happy,if

it had been unanimoufly and foberly

reduced to practice,

by prudent and

charitable Men.

§

x.

x.

The

Eraflians,

I thought, were

thus far

in the right,

in

afferting more

fullythan.others the Magiftrates

Power in

Matters

of Religion; that

all

Coercive

Power

(by

Mulets

or

Force)

is

only

in

their

hands

(

which

is

the full fence

of

ourOath of Supremacy);

and

that

no

fuch

Power

belongeth to

the

Paftors

or Peo-

ple

of

the Church

;

and that

thus

(as

Dr,

Laday. Molineus

pleadeth

)

there fhould

not

be any

Imperium

in

Imperio

, or any

Coercive

Power

challenged by Pope, Pre-

late, Presbytery,

or any, but

by

theMagiftrate alone: that the Paftoral

Power

is

only

Perfwafve,

or

exercifed

on Volunteers; yet not

private,

fach

as

belongeth

to

every Man

(to

perfwade)

that path

a

perfwading Faculty, butPublick and Autho.

ritative

by

Divine appointment

:

And not

only to

perfwade

by

Sermons

or general

Speeches, but

by particular overfight

of

their particular

Flocks

!

much

like

the

Au-

thority

of

Plato

or

Zeno

in hisSchool,

or

a Molter in any Academy

of

Volunteers,

or

of

a

Phyfician in

his

Hofpital, fuppoling

thefe

were

Officers

of

God's Inftitution,

who could

as

the

ground

of their

perfwatanr,

produce

his

Commifiïon or Command

for what they

faicf

and did.

But though the Diocefans, and the Presbyterians

of

Scotland

(

who

had Laws

to

enable them

)

oppofed this Doetvine

or the

Party

at

leaft,

yet

I

perceived

that

in-

deed,

it was

but on the ground

of

their Civil Advantages,

as

the Magiftrate had

.

empowered

by them

by

his

Laws)

(

which the

Eraflians did

not

contradict)

; ex-

cept

fomefew

of

the higher

flifferfort, who pleaded

as

the

Papifts,

for

fomewhat

T

a

more,