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P a

R

T

II.

Reverend

Mr.

Richard

Baxter.

will and Perfeverance,

(

as

the

,7efuits

differ

from the

Dominicans,

the

Lutherans

from

the

Calvinifhs,

and the Arminian from

the

Contra-Remonflrants

)

:

And

I

kund

in

all

Antiquity, that though

Infant Baptifn

was

held

lawful by

the Church,

yet

fume with Tertulian

and Nazienzen,'thought it molt convenient

to

make

no hafte,

and the

refI left

the time

of

Baptifm

to every

ones liberty and

forced none to be

baptized

:

Infomuch

as

not

onlyCon/lañtiñe_,

Theodolites,

and

fuch

others.as were

converted at Years

of

Difcretion, but

Auguftine

and many fifth

as

were

the Chil-

dren

of Chriftian

Parents

(

one

or both)

did

defer their Baptifm much

longer

'

than

I think they

fhould have done.

So

that in

the Primitive Church fume were

Baptized in Infancy, and force

at ripe

Age, and

frime a

little before

their

Death';

and none wereforced, but

all

left free ;

and the

ónly

Penalty

(among

men

) of

their

delay was,

that

fo

long

they werewithout the

Priviledges

of

the Church, and

Were

numbred but with

the

Catechumens,

or

Expeliants.

17.

6. As

to

Doflrinal

Differences

alfo

( betweenAnninians and Anti

-

Armenians).

I

faon perceived

that

it

was

hard to

fmd a

Mari that

difcerned the

true

State

of

the

fevtral Controverfies

;

and

that when

umevealed

points

( uncertain

to

all

)

were

laid

afide, and the Controverfies about Words were juftly feparated

from the Con-

croverfies

about *things;

the

Differences about things

which remained were fewer

and

fmaller

than

moth

of the Contenders perceived or would

believe.

4 S.

7. Yea, I

found

that

our Do&rina; Controverfies

with

the Papifts them-

felves

,

were-very much darkned, and feldom

vi'eil

Dated

;

and

that

in the

Points

see

this

of

Merit

,

Juffification

,

Affurance

of

Salvation, Perfeverance,

Grace, Free-

,,,atterei

will, and

fuch

others,

it

was

common to

mifunderfand

one

another,

and

rare

Iy

cleared

to

meet with

any that by

juf

Difin

&ion and Explication, did well flute the Con

in

zeataa-

troverfies,

and bring them

out of the Dark.

"s

7lxfis.

§.9.

What

I

begin to write about any

of

there

Do&rinal

Differences,

in my

'

Aphorifms, Confeffion, Apologie,

&c. I

will

now

pafs

by,

and the manifold

Cenfures and

Encounters which

I

had

thereupon,

and

the

many Mánufcripts

of

worthy Brethren animadverting

upon my

Aphorifms, which

I

was

(

privately

)

put

to

anfwer:

Becaufe

it

is

not

ouch

Differences

that now I

am

to

fpeak

of

§

00.

I

perceived then

that

every

Party

beforementioned, having

fame

Truth

or

Good,

in which it

was more

eminent than the reif,

it

was

no

impoflïble

thing

to

feparate all that from

the

Error

and the

Evil,

and

that among

all

the Truths which

they

held

either in Commonor in Controverfy, there

was no

Contradi

&ion

:

And

therefore,

that

he

that

would

procure the Welfare

of

the Church

muff

his

heft

to

promote

all

the

Truth

and-Good which

was

held by

every part,

and to leave

out

all

their Errors and their

Evil;

and

not

take up all

that any Party

had

efpoufed

as

their own.

for.

The

things

which

'I difliked

as

erroneous

or

evil

in

each

Party

werd

there

:

a.

In the

Eraflians

I

difliked,

r.

That

they made too light of the Power

of

the Miniftry and Church, and

of

Excommunication and did notdifiinguifh

fuf-

ficiently

of

a

perfuafive

Power

which

is

but

private,

.

and

is

founded only

in the

-

bfeafon

of theSpeaker,

and

a

perfuafsve

Power

which

is publick

in an

Officer

of

Cbrifd

(

which

Camero

well

calleth

Dolleral),and

is

founded

coniuniltly

in

his Authority

(

by

God',Comm

on) and his

Arguments. 2.

That

they made the Articles

of

[the

Ho-

ly

Catbolick

Church,

and the

Communion

of

Saints

]

too

infignificant, by making

Church Communion more common to the impenitent

than Chrift

would have

it;

and

fo

difhonoured

Chrift

by

dilhonouring

his

Church,

and snaking

it

too

like

to

the Heathen World, and breaking down the Hedge

of

Spiritual Difcipline,

and

laying

it

admol in common with

the

Wildernefs,

3.

That they mifunderiood

and injured their Brethren,

fupppofng

and affirming

them

to

claim

as

from

God

a

coercive

Power

over the

Bodies

or

Purfes

of Men,

and fo letting

up

Imperium

in

Imperio

; whereas all

temperate Chriftians

(at

lean

exceptPapifts)

confefs

that

the Church bath no

Power

of

Force,

but only to manage God's Word unto

Meng

Confciences.

t

ra.

In

the.

Diocefane

Party

I

utterly

difliked

r. Their Extirpation

of

the true Difcipline

of

Chrift,

as

we conceive, by

con-

feguence,

though not

intentionally ;

not only

as

they

omitted

it,

and

corrupted

it;

but

as

their Principles

and

Chhrch

State

had made it unpraeticable and impoffible,

while one Bithop with

his

Confrtory, had the

foie

Government

of

a

thonfand

or

many

hundred Churches, even over many thoufands whofe Faces

they

were

ne-

ver

like

to

fee;

not letting up

any Parochia

Government under

them:

But juif

as

if

the Archbilhops

(or,rather

the

Patriarchs)

inConflantines'days,

fhould

have

depofeel