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156

The

L

I

F

E

of

the

LIB.

j.

r. About

Fafts

and

Feafts,

theQueftion

as

referring to the Obligation

of

the

Laws

of

the Land,

is

of

the

fame Refòlution

as

all

other Queftionsrefpeéing thofe'

Laws

;

which

being

a Cafe

more out

of

my way,

I

fhall

not

prefume to deter-

mine

without

aclearer

Call.

Only I

muft

fay

that I fee

little Reafon why thofe

Men

fhould

think

themfelves

bound

in

this

who yet fuppofethemfelvesloofefrom

many otherLaws, and who obey many

Of

the

Laws

or Ordinances of

the prefect

Powers.

z.

I

much

fear

'that not

only the

Querift, but many more are much

enfnared

in

their

Confciences,

by

mifunderftanding the Nature and

ufe

of

Synods. It's one

thing

for

an Affembly

of

Bifhops

to

have a fuperior

Governing Power dire&Iy

over

all

particular Churches and Bithops; and another thing for fach an Affembly

to have

a

Power

of

determining of

things neceffary for the

Concord

of

the

leve-

ral

Churches.

I

never

yes faw

it

proved

that

Synods are over Bithops

in

a di-

re& Governing Order, nor are

called for fuch

Ends

;

but properly

in ordine

ad

Uni-

tatem, and

fo

oblige only

(

more than

fingle Bithops

)

by Virtue

of. the General

Precept,

of

maintaining

Unify

and Concord:

This

is

the

Opinion of the molt

learned

Bifhop and famous

'antiquary that I am acquainted with.

.3.

And then when the end

ceafes,

the Obligation

is

at an

End.

So

that

this

can

now

be

no Law of

Unity

with

us.

4.

All human Laws die

with the

Legiflator, farther

than the

furviving Rulers

(hall

continue them.

the

Reafon

is

drawn from the

Nature of

a

Law, which

is

to

be jsffum

Majeflatia,

in the Common-wealth, and

every

where to be

a

fign

of

the

Rectors

Will

de

debito,

vet

eonfitaendo,

vel

confermando:

Or

his

Authoritative

Determination of

what

(hall

be due from

us

and

to us.

Therefore no

Redor,

no

Law

:

and'the Law that

is,

though

made

by

the

deceafed Re&or,

is

not

his

Law,

but the prefent Redor's

Law,- formally

;

it

being the

lignifier

of

his

Will: And

it

is

his Will for

the continuance

of

it,

that

gives

-it

a

new

Life.

In

all

this'I

fpeak

of

the whole

Summa

poreJlar

that bath

the

abfolute Legiflative

Power.

If

therefore

the Church

Governors be dead that made

thefe

Laws, and no

fufficient

Power

fuc-

ceeds

them

to

continue thefe

Laws

and

make

them

theirs,

then

they

are

dead with

their Authors.

g.

The

prefent Paftors

of

the Church ( though but Presbyters)

are

the true

Guides

of

it,

while

Bilhops are

abfent

( and the true

Guides

conjundly with the

Bifhops,

if

they were prefent, according to the Judgment

of

your own

fide

).

Whoever

is

the

foie

exiltentgoverning Power, may

govern,

and

muff be obeyed

in

things Lawful.

Therefore you

muff

(

for

all

your unproved Accufation of

N

Schifm)

obey them.

The

Death ór Depofition

of

the

Bifhops

depriveth not the

Presbyters

of

that Power which they had

before.

6.

Former Church

Governors

have

riot

Power to bind

all

that

(hall

come after

them, where they were

before free But

their

Followers are

as

free

as

they

were.

7.

The

Nature

of

Church

Canons

is

to determine

of

Circumftances only for a

prefent time, place

or

occalion, and

not to

be'univerfal ftanding Laws,

to

all Ages

of

the Church

:

For

if

fuch

Determinations

had been fit,

God

would have

made

them

himfelf, and

They

would have been contained

in

his perfect

Word. He

giver

not

his

Legillative

Power to

Synods or

Bifhops.

8.

Yet if your Confcience

will needs perfuade

you.lo

ufe

thofe Ceremonigs,

you

have

no

ground to feparatefrom all that will

not

be

of

your

Opinion.

9. -For

the

Crofs, the

Canons require only

the Mini ter

to

ufe

it,

and

not

you

:

and

if he

do not, that's nothing to

you.

ro. Have you

impartially read what

is

written

againft the Lawfulnefs

of

it, by

dmeJiue'sfrefh Suit, Bradfhaw, Parker,

and

others

:

If

you

have

:

you

may at leaft

fee this

that it's no

fit

matter to place the Churches

Unity

or

Uniformity in

:

and they

that

will make

fuch

Laws for

Unity

-go

beyond their Commiffion.

Church

Governors are to determine the Circumftances

pro

loco

&

tempore

in partí-

cular,

which God bathin Word or

Nature

made neceffary

in genere,

and

left

to

their Determination.

But

when Men

will prefume beyond this, to determine

(+things not

indeed circumftantial, or

no way

neceffary

in

genre nor

left

to

their

Determination (as

to institute new Banding Symbols

in and with God's

Symbols

or

Sacraments;

to

be

engaging

Signs

to engage us

to

Chrift,

and

to Work Grace

on the

Soul

as

the Word and

Sacraments

do, that

is

by amoral

Operation)

and

their will needs make thefe the

Cement

of

Unity

;

.

this

is

it

that

bath

been

the

Bane

of

and Caufe

of

Divifions.

r

r. Kneeling