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P ART

II.

Reverend

Mr.

Richard

Baxter.

397

their Repentance by Name, or to judge who

is

to be cart

out

of

the

Communion

of

the

Church,

or to

be

Abfòlved,

nor

to

deny the

Sacrament

to any,

unlefs

for

a,

.

particular time, when he

is

jut}

going. to

Adminifter it

,

he

fee

any

there

that

are

notorioully guilty, and he take them

then

alide, and they will

not

fo

much

as

fay,

We

will

do better

:

And

iris

uncertain whether

he may Sufpend any

-of

thefe,

but:

the

Malicious

that

will

not

be reconciled:

So

that the

Minifiers may read Prayers

and Preach,and

may read

an Excommunication or Abfolution when it

is

fent

them,

and

may,

if

they

pleafe,

joys with theChurchwarden.

as

Informers; to

prefent fome

Men to the

Bishops

Court,

but

Church-Government is

denied them.

The Government then of

all

chele

Churches, and Exercife

of

Holy Difcipline,

belongethto the

Bishops

in Title

;

but the

Bithopsdo

and muff

Exercifeit in

their.

Courts or

Confsuories. In every Diocefs

there

is

one

of

there

Courts, where

the

-Ordinary Judge

is

the

Bilhop's

Chancellour,

a

Lay

-man, and

a

Civil Lawyer

(though

in

many

Cafes

the Bilhop

may

fit

himfelf

if

he pleafe),:

The Court hath

allo a Regifter,and Pro&ors to plead Mens Caufes;

as

Counfellers

in

Civil

Courts::

And they

have

fome Fellows

called

Apparators,

who are

their

Meffengers for

Ci-

tation,

betides

the Churchwardens Presentments,

who bringdaern:inCullom

-This

Court

is

to

hear all conliderable Caufes,

and determine them

by

Excommunications

or

Abfolutions, and to fend

their Excommunications or Abfolutions written to the

Parilh Prieft, who

is

to read them.

But

pro

forma

when the

Lay

Chancellour

hach

refolved

who

(hall be

Excommunicated,

they have

a

Clergy Presbyter prefent to

fpeak

the

Sentence in the

Court,

who yet

hash no

power,

but

of

neeer

Pronuncia-

tion,

bur

is

a

Ceremony to put off the

Odium

front the Lay-Judg

r.

And

if

he have

power

as

a

Presbycer,why

do the

Bishops

appropriate it

to themfelves

?

If

one

that

is

no hilltop

may exercife

it

when

a

Bilhop bids

him,

then

is

it

not

a

thing appro.

priatetothe

Bilhop's Office.

Betides

there

there

are

Arch

Deacons,

who

by

them

-

felves,

or

their Officials,

hold

lbme

kind

of

Infusions-

Court, which

dealeth in

Id-

ler Matters

:

Some Dioceffes have

one Arch

-

Deacon, fome

two,

fome few

three

or

four.

The

Bishops

fhould go

vife

once

a

year, and

the

Arch-Deacon

oftner

:

When they

vifit

they

go

to

Come

chief Town in

the County

,

and

call all

the Mi-

nifters to meet them, where they hear

a

Sermon,and Dine together

ufually.

They

yearly compile

a Book

of

Articles

which Churchwardens

are

Iworn to enquire

af-

ter,

and to prefent the Names

of

the Offendersaccordingly to the Bithop's

Court.

In

brief, this

is

the

France

of

our

Diocefan

Government.

To

which I only

add,

That

Fees

and Money for

Commutation of Penance

are

much

cf

their Officers

Maintenance;

and that

filch

as

they

Excommunicate in molt:

Cafes, are by a

Writ

De

Excommunicate

Capiendo

to

be

laid in

the Jail,

till

upon

their

Repentance

they

have

made their Peace, and are abfolved.

§

g

t

3.

Having

told you

what our Government

is,

let

me

tell

you what the

Exe-

cution

of

it

is.

The

Books

of Articles are

fitted

fomewhat to the Canons

, by

thofe Bithops

that

are

molt moderate

and cautelous, and therefore by the

Engliflr

Canons they may

be

known

:

fome

of

them

ufually are againft

Drunkards and

Fornicators

;

but the main

bent

of

theist

is

againff thole

that wear

not

the Sur-

plice, that Baptizewithout the Crofs, that omit the Common Prayer, that refute

to Baptize any Infant

;

or that deliver the Lord's Supper to

any that

kneel

not in

receiving it

;

or that

fo receive

it without

kneeling

;

that

Band

not up at

the

Gof-

pet, that

bow

not at

the.

Name

fefsa,

(though

they

may lit

when the

fame

words

.

are

lead

in the Chapter, and are

not

required to bow at the Name

[,Chris,

God].

&c.)

Alfo

about the Repair

of

the Church, the Surplice, the Books;

that none

pifs up

to

the Church

-wall, &c.

with many

fuch things.

It

is

a

rare thing for

the

Churchwardens to prefent any, except Nonconformilts,

that .ufe.not

Ceremonies,

err.

Swearers,

Drunkards, and Whoremongers are

feldom prefeneed, left

Neigh-

bours

be difpleafed

:

but Puritans have fomeone

or other that

is

more,

eager in look-

ing

after them. When any

Scandalous Pet

fonisprefènted,

he

hash:no other

Spi_

titual

Conviélion or Exhortation to Repentance, -tending to Convert

his

Soul,

than

at

any

Civil

Court

;

But

telling them that he

is

Sorry, and paying

his Fees

or

Coin-

mutation Money,

he comes

home:

But

when Confcientious Nonconformiltsare

before

them,

whofe Confciences will not let them

(ay

that

they

are

Sorry

( viz,

for

praying

or

exhorting

others

in

their

Hontes, for giving the Sacrament

to

them that

hand or

fit,

dre.) they are

ufually

Excommunicated.

I have

been in molt

parts.of

England,

and in Fifty years

time

I

never

faw

one do Penance, or

confefs.his Sin

in publick, for any Scandalous

Crime

;

nor

ever heard but

of

two in the Coun-

try where

I lived (

that

flood in

a

White-iheet

for

Adultery) (except in tha tpace

when

Bilhops

were do

,

and

then I

have

heard

many

that

have

penitently corn

felled