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40

The

L

IFE

of'the

LIB.

1<

which

the other

is

uncapable

of

;

the far greaten part

of

the Members

never

fee.

ing their

Paftor; nor knowing

one another any More than

if

they lived

in

lèveral

parts

of

the

World. And that

this

Church Form

is

new,

is

proved already

that

is

that there was

no

Diocefan Church having many Rated Congregations

and

Altars,

(

much

lets

many hundreds

)

and

all

under

one

only

Bilhop

or Governour, either

in

Scripture time, or two hundred

years

after, excepting

only

that

in

Alexandria

and

Rome,

fome {hew

of

more Affembliesthan

one

under one Bilhop,

appeared a

lit-

tle fooner.)

Here note,

That it

is

not an

Arcbbifhop's

Church that

we

are

fpeaking

of

,

who

is

but

the

General

Paftar

or Bilhop,

having

other Bifhops

and

Churches

under him

;.

but

it

is

a

Church infimæ Speciei,

commonly

called

a

particular

Church,

which

bath

no

other Churches

or Bifhops

under

it. And

that

none

filch

was

in

Scripture timos,

Dr:

Hammond

hath

manifelted

.(

there being

then

no

Presbyters

tlinin&

from

Bishops,

as

he

faith

on

Ait.

it.)

And

that there

was

none

filch

of

long time after,

is abunn

dandy proved

in

my

Treatife:of

Epifcopacy.

§

359.

s.

The fifth

Charge againft the Diocefan

Form

is,

That

it

extirpateth

the

ancient

Epif

opacy

r

which

they prove,

by

what is

làid

already

:

The

ancient

Bishops

were the Heads

of

the Presbyters and People

of

one

ftngle Church

only

:

To

every Church,

faith

Ignatius,

there

is one

Altar and

one

Bif,op

with

the Presbyters, and

the

Deacons my Fellow

Servants.

There

was

then no

Bilhop

infimæ Speciei

as

diltinet

from

an

Archbishop, that

had

more than

one

Altar

and

Church

:

But

now

all

thelè

Bifhopsof

particular

Churches

are

put

down,

and no

Church

of

one

Altar

hath

a

Bilhop

of

its

own,

but

only

a

Church confining

of

many hundred

Wor-

{hipping

Churches.

In

the ancient times every

City

that had

a

Congregation

of

Chrillians

had

a

Bilhop

:

But

now

every

Bifltop hath

many Cities under

him,which

have all

but

one

Bilhop.

For'

all our Corporations, called

Oppida, Towns,

or

Bur_

reugbs,

were then fach

as

the

word

nanrc

frgnified, though we

have

appropriated

the English

word

[City

]

to

fome

few, that

have

that

Title

as

honorary

in

favour

from

the Prince.

§

320.

6.

The

Meth

Charge

is,

That

inftead

of

the

ancient

Bishops,

a

later

fort

of

Bishops

is

introduced,

of

a

diliin&

Species

from all

the

ancient

Bishops

:.

for then

there were none but meer

Bishops

of

particular

Churches, and the

Archbilhops,

Metropolitans,

and Patriarchs

that

had the general

overlght

of

there.

But

ours

are

of

neither

of

thefe

forts: They

are

not

Bishops

of

particular worshipping.

Churches

that

have

one

Altar

;

but

have hundreds

of

fuch

:

Nor

are

they

Arch

-

bifhops

;

for

they

have

no

Bishops

under them

:

But they

are

¡tun

Each as

the

Arch-

bifhops

or

Metropolitans

in

thofe

days

would

have

been,

if

they

had

put down all

the

Bishops

that

were under them, and taken

all

the Charge

of

Government on them-

felves, leaving

only Teaching

Priests

with

the People

:

Even

as

the Papins

feign

Gregory

to

have

meant, when

he

fo vehemently denied

the

Title

of

U,tiverfal Bt-

Jl

op,

as

putting down

the

Inferiour

Bishops

:

Now

any

Man

that ehittketh the

Spe-

cies

of

Epifcopacy defcribedby

Ignatius,

and

ulèd

in

the.

Primitive

times,

to

be

of

Divine, or Aponolical

Inftitution,

mutt

needs

think

that

a

Species

which

having

depofed them all, doth nand up

in

their

head,

is

utterly

unlawful. And

therefore

this Argument

again(

Diocefans

is

not

managed

by the

Presbyterians

as

fuch, but

by thofe that

are

for

the

Primitive

Epifcopacy.

§

32r.

7.

The

fèventh Charge againft the Diocefan

Form,

(

and

that

which

nicketh

more than all

the

tell)

is,

That

it

maketh the

Church Goverment

or

Difci-

pline

which Christ

hath commanded, and all the ancient Churches pra&ifed,

to

be

a

thing imporble

to

be

done,

and

fo

excludetb

it

;

and therefore

is

unlawful

:

For to

difpure

Who

Jhall

be

the Govcrnours

of

theCbarch,

when

the meaning

is,

Whether there

PA

be

any Government

at

all

(of

that fort which

Chrin

còmmandeth)

is

the prefenc

praftife. For

the clearing

of

this,

thefe

Queftions

are

to

be

debated.

Quell

t.

Whether

Chrift bath inftituted

any Church-Difcipline

?

2.

What

that

Difiplsne

is

which

be

bath inftituted

?

1.

Hew

many Parifhes there

be

in

a

Dioceß,

and

Perfosts

esa

Parifh,

who

Are to

be

the

Objebs

of

this

Difcipline

?

4. 'Who

they

be

that

in England

are to

exercife

this

Dif

spline

?

§

;22.

r.

And for

the first

Queftion,

It

is

agreed

on

by all Protenants that

I

know

of,

except fome

of

thole that

are

called

Eraftians

;

I

fay, force

of

them

:

for

I

think

there are

very few

even

of

the Eraftians that deny

it. Dr.

Hammond

hath

written

a

Treatife for

it

Entitled, Of

the Power

of

the

Keys:

yea

the

Papifts differ

not from

the

Proteftantsin

this

point.

therefore

be

labour

in

vain to

prove

it.

á

4

332.

``;