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P

A

ß

r

L Reverend

Mr.

Richard

Baxter:

>r

7

And they

faid

that the King

having long difufed Parliaments upon Difpleafure á-

gainft them,

becaufe

they

curbed

Monopolies,

and corre&ed

Abufès

öf

Officers,

&..

-had

no way

to

lay them by for ever, but

to

invade

the

Subje

is Propriety,

and to

affume

the power

of

laying Taxes

and rafting Moneys

without them

;

and

that

if

thus Parliaments

and Propriety were deftroyed

,

the

Government

was diffolved

or

altered, and

no Man

had any Security

of

Eftate

or Liberty or

Life, but the

Plea-

fure

of

the

King,

whofe Will

would be

the only

Law.

They

faid alto,

that

thofe

that.counfelled him to

this

were Enemies to

the Commonwealth, and

hnftter

to

counfel

him

than

Parliaments,

who are

his higheft

Court

and Council.

The poor Plowmen underftood but little

of

thefe

Matters

;

but a little would

ftir

up

their Difcontent when Money

was

demanded

:

But it

was

the more intelli-

gent part

of

the Nation that were the

great Complainers. infomuch

that

fome

of

them denied to pay

the

Ship

-

money, and

put the

Sheriffs

to

diftrain

;

the

Sheriffs;

though afraid

of

a

future

Parliament, yet did

it

in obedience

to

the King. Mr:

Hampden

and the Lord

Say

brought it to

a

Suit ;

where Mr.

Oliver Si.

John and o-

ther Lawyers boldlypleaded the Peoples

Caufè.

The

King had

before called all

the

Judgesto

give

their Opinions,

Whether in

a

Cafe

of need he might impofe

filch

a

Tax,

or

nor.

And

all

of

them

gave

their Opinion

for

the

Affirmative,

except

Judge

Hatton

and

Judge

Crook.

The

Judgment

puffed for

the King againft

Mr.

Hampden

:

But this made

the Matter much more

talk

of

throughout the Land, and

confrdered

of

by thofe

that thought not much of the Importance

of

it

bè-

\fore.

§

25. Some fufpeeted

that

many

of

the Nobility

of

England

did fecretly Confe-

derate with the

Scots,

fo

far

as

to encourage

them

to

come

into

England;

thinking

that there

was

no other

way

to

caufe

the

Calling

of

a

Parliament

,

which

was

the

thing

that now they bent their

minds to

as

the Remedy

of

thefe things.

The

Earl

of

Eflex,

the Earl

of

Warwick,

the Earl

of

Bedford,

the Earl

of

Clare ,

the Earl

of

Bullingbrook,

the Lai

1

of falgrave,

the Earl

of

Holland,

the Lord

Say

, the Lord

Brook,

and

I

know not how many more, were laid

to

be

of

this Confederacy.

But

Heylin

himlèlf bath more truly given you the Hillory

of

this,

That

the

Scots,

after they came in, did perfwade

theft

Men of their own danger in

England,

if

Ar-

bitrary Government went

on,

and

fo

they petitioned the King for

a

Parliament,

which

was all

their Confederacy

;

and this

was

after their fecond

Coming

into

England.

The

Scots

came with an Army, and

the King's Army met

them near

Nearca/Ile

;4551639

but the

Scots

came

on till an Agreement

was

made, and

a

Parliament

called

;

and

the

Sear went home again.

But

shortly

after this

Parliament

fo

difpleafed

the King that he

Diffolved-

ít,

and the War againft the

Scots

was again undertaken,

(to

which,

betides

others,

the

Papills

by

the Queens

means

did voluntarily contribute

):

whereupon the

Scots

complain

of

evil Connfelsand

Papifts

as

the

caufe

of

their renewed dangers, and

again raifean Army and

come into

England.

And the

Englifh

at

York

petition the

4n

i6 9

King

for

a

Parliament, and once more

it

is

refolved

on, and an Agreement made,

4

but neither' the

Scottifh

or

EngliA

Army

disbanded.

And

thus began the

Long

Parliament

as

it

was

after

called.

§

z6.The Et

cætera

Oath

was

the

heft

thing that

threatned me ai

Bridgenortb;

and

the

fècond was

the

paffage

of

the Earl

of

Bridgwater,

Lord Prefideni

of

the

Marches

of

Waler,through

the

Town

in

his

Journey from

Ludlow

to

the

King in the

North:

For

his

coming being on

Saturday

Evening, the molt

malicious perfons

of

the

Town

went

to him,

and told him that

Mr

:.

Made/fard

and I did

not

tign with

the

Croft,

nor

wear

the

Surplice,

nor pray

againft

the

Scott

(

who were then upon

their

Entrance into

England ;

and

for which

we

had

no

Command

from

the King,

but

a

printed Form

of

Prayer

fromthe

Bílhops.)

The Lord

Prefident told

them,

That

he would himfelf come to Church on

the morrow,

and

fee

whether we

would

do

thefe

things or

not: Mr.

Maclellan!

went

away.,

and

left

Mr. Swain

(the

Reader) and

my

Pelf

in the danger. But after he had fpoken

for his

Dinner, and

was

ready to go to

Church, theLord Prefident fuddenly changed

his

purpofe, and

went

away on

the Lord'sDay

as

far

as Lichfield

;

requiring the

Acculèrs and

the

Bailiffs

to

fend after him

to inform him what

we did.

On

the

Lord's

Day at

E-

vening they fent after him

to

Lichfield

to tell him that we

did not

conform

:

but

though they

bodied

of

no

lefs

than thehanging

of

us,

they

received

no other An-

fwer from him, but

that

he

had

not the

Ecclefiaftical Jurifdi&ion, and therefore

could not meddle

with

us

;

but

if he

had,

he lhould take

fuch

order in the

butt.

nets

as

were

fit

:

And

the

Bailiffs

and

Accufers

had no more

wit than to

readhis

.

D

Letter