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'<g

The

LIFE

of

the

L

Letter tome,

that

I

might know how they were

baffled.

Thus

I

continued

in

my

Liberty

of

preaching

the

Gofpel

at

Bridgenortb

about

a

year and three

quarters,

where

I

tookmy Liberty

(though.with

very

little Maintenance) to be a very great

mercy

tome

in

thofe troublefome

times.

g

27.

The

Parliament being fate, didprefently

fall

on

that which

theyaccount-

ed Reformation

of

Church

and State,

and which greatly

difpleafed

the King

as

well

as

the

Bishops.

They

made many long

and vehement

Speeches

againft the

Shipmoney,

and againft the Judgesthat

gave

their Judgment for it, and againft

the Et

cetera

Oath,

and

the

Bithops

and Convocation that were

the

former,

of

it

but

efpecially

againft the Lord

ThomacWentworth

Lord

Deputy

of

Ireland,

and Dr.

Laud

Archbishop

of

Canterbury, as

the evil Counfellers,

who

were

Laid

to

be

the

Caufe

of

all.

Thefe

Speeches

were many

of

them

printed , and greedily bought

up

throughoutthe Land,

efpecially

the Lord

Falkland,,

the Lord Digbie,,Mr.Grim-

ftmes, Mr.

Finis,

Mr.

Nash.

Fionnes,

&c. which greatly

increafed

the

Peoples

Ap-

_

prehenfion

of

their Danger, andinclined them

to

think hardly

of

the King's

Pro-

ceedings,

but

efpecially

of

the

Bishops.

Particular

Articles

of

Accufation

were

,brought

in

againft

the Lord Deputy,

the

Archbishop,

the

Judges, Bishop Wren,

Bishop

Pierce,

and

divers others.

The

Concord

of

this

Parliament

confifted

not

in

the Unanimity of the

Perfons

(for

they

were

of

feveral

Tempers

as

to

Matters

of

Religion), but in

the

Compli.

cation

of

the Intereft

of

thole Caufeswhich they

feverally

did

molt

concern them-

fibres in.

For

as

the

King

hadat once impofed the Ship-money on the

Common-

wealth,

and permitted the

Bithops

to

impofe upon the

Church their

difpleafing

Articles, and

bowing

towards

the Altar, and the

Book

for

Dancing on

the

Lord's

Day,

and the

Liturgy on

Scotland,

&c. and

to

Sufpend

or

Silence abundance

of

Miniflers that

were conformable, for

want

of

this Super

-

canonical

Conformity;

fo accoodingly the

Parliament

confifted

of two

forts of Men

,

who

by

the Con-

jun&ionof

thefeCaufes were united in

their

Votes and

Endeavours fbr

a

Reforma-

tion: One Party

made

no

great matter

of

thefe Alterations

in

the

Church;

but

they

faid,

That

if

Parliaments were once down,

and our

Propriety gone, and Ar-

bitrary Government

fet

up, and Law

fubjeeted to the Prince's Will,

we were then

all

Slaves,

and this they

made

a

thing intolerable;

for

the remedying

of

which,

they

faid, every true

Englifle

Man

could

think no price to dear

:

Thefe the

People

called

Good

Commonwealth', Men.

The

other

fort were the more Religious

Men,

who were

alto

f

nfible

of

all there things,

but

were much more

fenfible

of

the

In-

terelt of Religion;

and thefe

molt

inveyed againft the Innovations

in

the

Church,

the

bowing

to

Altars,

the

Book

for

Sports

on

Sundays

-,

the Calling out

of Mini

-

fters,

the troubling

of the People

by

the High- Commiífion

Court, the Pilloring

and Cutting off

Mens Ears,

(Mr.

Burton,;

Mr.

Prins,

and.Dr.

Baftwick,)

for (peak-

ing

againft

the

Bishops,

the

putting down

Le&ures,

and Afternoon Sermons. and

Expofitions on the Lord's

Days,

with

Rich

other things, which they thought

of

greater weight than Ship-money.

But becaufe thefe later agreed with

the former

in the Vindication

of

the Peoples

Propriety

and Liberties,

the

former did the

eafilier

concur with them

againft the Proceedings

of

the

Bishops

and

High Commiflion

Court.

And

as

foon

as

their Inclination

was

known to the People,

all

Countreys fent

in

their Complaintsand Petitions. It

was

prefently known

how many Miniflers

Bishop

Wren

( and

others

of

them)

had fufpended and

filenced

-;

how many thou

-

fand Families had been driven to

flie.

into

Holland,.

and how many thoufand

into

New-England: Scarcea

Minifler had been

Silenced,

that

was

alive,

but it

was

put

into

a

Petition. Mr.

Peter

Smart

of

Durham,

and Dr.

Layton

(a

Scotch

Phyficien,

who wrote

a Book called

Sion', Plea againft

the

Prelates) were;releafed

out

of their

long Imprisonment: Mr.

Burton,

Mr.

Prim,

and

Dr.

Bafbwick,

who

(as

is

laid) had

been pillored,

and

their

Ears cut off, and they fent

into

a

(fuppofed)

perpetualIm

prifònnrent

into the diftant Cailles

of:Gernfey,

ferfey, and

Carnarvon,

were

all

let

free, and Damages voted them for their wrong

:

And

when they

came back

to

London,

they were met

out of the City

by

abundance

of

the Citizens,

with

filch

Acclahiations

as

could

not but

feem a great Affront to the

King, and

be much

dif-

pfeafing

to

him.

The

Lord.

Keeper

Finch and

Secretary

Windebank fled

beyond Sea,

and frved themfelves

:

The guilty

Judges were deeply accufrd, and fume

of

them

imprifbned for

the

Cale

of

Ship-

money. But the great

Difpleafure was

againft

the

Lord Deputy

Wentworth,

and Archbishop Laud

:

Both

thefe

were

Cent

to the

Tower,

and

a

Charge drawn.up againft them,

and managed prefently againft the

Lord

Deputy by the

ableft

Lawyers and Gentlemen

of

the Haute.

This

held

them work

a