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80

The

L

IFE

of

the

Y.

t

B.

feemed very ferious

in

it

,

and

the

lownefs

of

his

Condition upon

fo

much

Trial of

his

People,

was very like

to

have

wrought much

with

him.

But

the

Parliament

was

perfwaded

that hedid it but to

get time to

fill

up

his

Army,and to hindertheir

Proceedings,

and therefore accepted

not

of

his

Offer for

a

Treaty,

but in(tted of

it

feat himNineteen

Propofals

of

their own

;

viz. That

if

he

would Disband

his

Army,

come

to

his

Parliament,

give

up Delinquentsto

a

Legal Courfe

of

Juflice,

&c. he

fhould find

them dutiful, Oc. And the King

publithed an Anfwer

to

there

Nineteen

Propofitions

;

in which

he aftirtneth the

Government to

be

mixt, having

in it

the belt

of

Monarchy, Ariftocracy and Democracy, and that

the

Legiflative

Power

is

in the King,

Lords

and Commons

conjun&,

and that the Lords

are

a

fufficient skreen

tohinder the King

fromwronging the Commons

,

and to

keep

off

Tyranny,

five.

And he adhereth only to the Law which giveth him the power

of

the Militia

!

Out

of

this Anfwer

of

the King's to

thefe

Nineteen Propofals, force

one

drew up

a

Political Catechifm, wherein the Anfwers

of

every

Queftion were

verbatim

the words

of

the King'sDeclaration,

as

if

therein

he had fully jultified

the

Parliaments

Caufe.

The

great Controverfie now

was

the prefent power

of

the Militia:.

The King

faid

that the

Supreme Executive Power, and particularly the Power

of

the Mili-

tia, did

belong to

him, and

not

to the

Parliament, and

appealed to the Law.

The

Parliament

pleaded

that

as

the Execution

of Juttice

againft Delinquents did belong

to

him ;

but

this he

is

bound by Law to

do

by

his

Courts

of

Juftice, and their Ex-

ecutionsare to

be

in

his

Name

;

and by

a Stat. Edw.

;.

if

the King by the Little

Seal,

or

the

Great

Seal,

forbid a

Judge in Court to perform

his

Office, he

is

ne-

verthelefi

to

go

on

:

Alto

that

for the Defence

of

his

Kingdoms againft their Ene-

mies,

the Militia

is

in

his

power

;

but not

at

all

againft

his

Parliament and Peo-

ple,

whom Nature

it felf

forbiddeth to

ufe

their

Swords againft themfelves.

And

they

alledged

molt the

prefent danger

of

the Kingdoms,

Ireland

almoft loft,

Scotland

diflurbed,

England

threarned

by

the

Irifb,

and

theRuine

of

the

Parliament fought

by

Delinquents, whom they

Paid

the King, through

evil

Counfel did prole&

:

And

that they

muff either fecure

the Militia,

or

give

up

the

Protellant

Religion

, the

Laws and Liberties

of

the Land, and their own Necks to the Will

of

Papifts

and

Delinquents.

1

49

And

becaufe

it

is

my purpofehere, not to write

a full

Hiftory

of

the

Ca-

lamitiesand Wars

of

thofe Times, but only

to

remember

fuch

Generals with

the

Reafons and

Connexion

of

Things,

as

may belt make the hate

of

thofe Times un-

derftood

b,

them that

knew

it not

perfonally themfelves,

I

(hall

here annex

a

brief

Account of

the

Country's

Cafe about thefe Differences

:

not

as

a

Juftiner

or

De-

fender

of

the Affertions,

or

Reafons,

or A

&ions

of

either Party which I

rehearse ;

but only in fathfulnefs Hiftorically to relate things

as

indeed they were.

And r.

It h of

very

great moment here to underhand the Quality of the Per

-

fons

which

adhered

to the King

,

and

to

the Parliament

,

with their Rea-

Ions.

A

great part

of

the

Lords forfook the Parliament

,

and

fo did many

of

the

Houfeof

Commons, and came to the

King;

but that

was for

the molt

of

them,

after Edghil Fight,when the

King

was at

Oxford.

A very

great part

of

the Knights

and Gentlemen of

England

in the

feveral Counties

(who

were

not Parliament Men)

adhered

to

the King

;

except in

Middlefex,

Efes

, Siffalk

,

Narfolk,

Carnbridgefbire,

&c. wherethe King with

his

Army never came

:

And could

he

have

got footing

there,

it's like that

it

would

have

been

there

as

it

was

in other

places

:

And

molt

of

the Tenants of

there

Gentlemen, and

alto

molt

of

the

pooreft

of

the

People,

whom the other

called

the Rabble, did follow the

Gentry,

and were for the

King.

On

the Parliaments

fide

were (befides themfelves) the

(mailer

part

(

as

tome

thought)

of

the Gentry in molt

of

the Counties, and the greateft part

of

the

Tradetmen, and Free

-

holders, and

the middle fort

of

Men

;

efpecially in

chofe

Corporations and Countries which dependon Cloathing and fuch Manufa

&ures.

If

you

ask

the Reafons

of

this Difference,

ask

alto,

why in

France

it

is

not com-

monly the Nobility nor the

Beggars,

but the Merchants and middle fort

of Men,

that

were Proteftants.

The

Reafons

which the Party

themfelves gave was, Becaufe

(

fay

they)

the

Tradefinen

have a

Correfpondency with

London,

and

fo

are

grown

m

be

a

far

more Intelligent

fort

of

Men

than

the ignorant Peafants

that

are like

Bruits,

who will

follow any that they think the

tìrongeft,

or

look

to

get by

:

And

the

Freeholders,

fay

they, were not

enslaved

to their Landlords

as

the

Tenants

are

:

The Gentry, (fay

they)

are wholly by their

Effaces

and Ambition more

dependent'