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4

The

Necefty of

Vol.

IL

his Difcourfe,

repent therefore

and

be

converted,

and then

he

propounded Chrift

to

them

as

the

Obje&

of

their

Faith, being

the

great Prophet

that

was

prophefed

of

by

Mofes,

who

fhould

be

raifed

up

among

them,

v.22.

So

likewife

St.

Paid

when he

preached

to

the Jews and Gentiles, thefe were

his

great

Subje

&s, Afar.

17.

3o.

This

is

the condufion

of

his

Sermon

to the

Athenians,

to perfwade

them

to

repent by the

confideration

of

a

future Judgment;

and

to

perfwade

them

to

believe on

the Lord

Jefus

Chrift, who

was

to

be

the Judge

of

the World, from

the

Miracle

of

his Refurre

&ion

; But

now he

commands

all

Men

every where

to

re-

pent,

becaufe

he

bath

appointed a Day,

&c.

whereof

he

hash

given

affuranee

unto

all

Men,

inthat

he

hath raifed

him

from the dead.

So

that

you

fee

that

thefe are

the

great Do

&rines

of

the Gofpel, and

were

the

Sum

of the

Apoftle's

preaching

;

all

their

Sermons were

Perfwafives

to thefe two Duties

of

Repentance

and

Faith.

Secondly,

For the

Neceffity

of

thefe

Do

&rines:.

They

are neceffary

for

the

efcaping

of

eternal Mifery, and

attaining

of

everlafting Happinefs.

And

this

will appear, by

confidering

the Nature

of

them, and

the Relation they have

to

both

thefe.

For

the avoiding

of

eternal Punifhment,

'ris neceffary

the Guilt

should be

re-

moved, which

is

an

Obligation to

Punifhment, and

that

cannot

be

but

by

Par-

don

; and fure

we

cannot

imagine

that

God

will

ever pardon

us

without Repen-

tance;

hewill never remit to

us

thePunifhment

of

Sin, fo

long

as

we tell him we

are not at

all

troubled for

what

we have

done, and

we

are

of

the

fame

mind

Rill,

and

will

do the

fame

again;

and till

we

repent,

we tell God this,

and

we may

be

fore God will

not

caft

away his Pardons

upon thofe

that

defpife

them

;

fo

that

Repentance

is

neceffary

to the

efcaping

of

Hell.

And

Faith

in

Chrift

is neceffary

to

it ;

for

if

this be

the

Method

of

God'sGrace,

not

to pardon

Sin

without

Satisfa&ion,

and Jefus

Chrift

hath

made

Satisfa

&ion

for

Sin

by

the

Merit

of

his

Sufferings,

and

if

it

be neceffary

that

we fhould

believe

this, that

the

Benefit

hereof

may

redound to

us

; then Faith

in

Chrift

is

neceffary

to the obtaining

of

the Pardon

of

Sin,

by which the Guilt

of

Sin

is

removed,

that

is,

our Obligation to

eternal Punifhment.

And

then for attaining

Salvation.

Chrift having

in

the

Gofpel revealed

to

us

the

Way and

Means

to

eternal

Happinefs,

it

is

neceffary

that

we fhould

believe

this

Revelation

of

the Gofpel by

Jefus

Chrift, in

order to this

end.

So

that

you

fee

the

Necefíity

of

Faith

and

Repentance,

becaufe

without

thefe

we can

nei-

ther

efcape Mifery,

nor attain to

Happinefs.

I

fhould

now

come

to

draw

fomeInferences from

this Difcourfe,

but

I

will

firft

,give

fatisfa&ion

to

a

Query

or two, to

which this Difcourfe

feems

to have given

occafion.

1. Query.

You

will

fay,

why do

I

call Repentance

a

Do

&rine

of

the Gofpel

?

It

is a

Doctrine

of

Nature. Natural Religion

tells us,

that

when we have offen-

ded God,

we

ought to

be

forty

for it, and refolve to amend and reform.

Anf. I

do not

make

the

Do&rine

of

Repentance

proper

to

the

Gofpel,

as

if

it

had not

been revealed

to the World

before ; but

becaufe

it

is a

Do&tine

which

the

Gofpel very much

prefl'eth

and perfwadeth

Men

to,

and

becaufe

the great

Motives and Enforcements of

it

are

peculiar to

the

Gofpel.

So

that the

Do&rine

of

Repentance,

confidered

with thofe powerful Reafons and Arguments to

it which

the

Gofpel furnifheth

us

withal,

is

in this

fenfe

proper to the Gofpel,

and

not

known to the World

before.

There

are

two

Motives and Enforcements

to

Repentance

which the Gofpel fur-

nifheth

us

with.

1.

Affurance

of

Pardon and

Remiffion

of

Sins

in cafe

of

Repentance,

which

is

a

great encouragementto Repentance,

and

which, before the Gofpel, the

World

had

never any

firm

and

clear

affurance of.

2.

Affurance

of

eternal Rewards and Punifhments after this Life,

which

is

a

ftrong

Argument

to

perfwade

Men

to

change

their

Lives,

that

they

may

avoid the

Mifery

that

is

threatned

to

impenitent Sinners, and

be qualified

for the

Happinefs

which

it

promifeth to Repentance and Obedience.

And

this the

Apoftle tells us

in the forementioned

place,

Alls

17. 3o, 31. is

that

which Both

as

it

were

make

Re-