Neal - Houston-Packer Collection BX9333 .N4 1754 v1

20 the HISTORY of the PURITANS. Chap. I. King who was at that time the bulwark of the reformation. (5.) To the arti- HeIry38III. fice and abject fubmiffion of Gardiner, Bonner, and other popifh bithops, who by flattering the king's imperious temper, and complying with his dictates, prejudiced him againft the reformed. And (Lally) To his ma- jefly's growing infirmities, which made him fo peevifh and pofitive, that it was dangerous to advife any thing, that was not known to be agreeable to his fovereign will and pleafuré. Perjeution The king began to difcover his zeal againft the facratnentaries, (as thofe of i the Pro- were called who denied the corporal prefence of n the eucharift) id l Chi p p ift b y anV..iefor. prohibiting the importingof all foreign books, and the printing anyportions of Vol. III. fcripture till they had been examined by himfelf and council, or by the bi- P. 137. fhop of the diocefe; by punifhing all who denied the old rites, and by for- bidding any to argue againft the real prefence of Chrift in the facrament, on pain of death. For breaking this lafl order, he condemned to the flames this very year, that faithful witnefs to the truth .7ohn Lambert, who had been minifter of the Englifh congregation at "Intwerp, and afterwards taught fchool in London; but hearing Dr. Taylor preach concerning the real prefence, he offered him a paper of reafons againft it : Taylor carried the paper to Cranmer who was then a Lutheran, and endeavoured to make him retraa Lambert unhappily appealed to the king, who after a kind of mock trial in ÍPefiminfler-hall, in prefence of the bithops; nobility, and judges, paffed fentence of death upon him, condemning him to be burnt as an incorrigible heretick. Cranmer was appointed to difpute againft him, Lambert. and lord Cromwel to read the fentence. He was foon after executed in burn'd. Smithfield in a molt barbarous manner; his Taft words in the flames being, none but Chr j, none but Chri I The parliament that met next fpring differved the reformation, and brought religion back to the ftandard at which it remained to the king's death, by the aft commonly known by the name of the bloody /latute, or Statute of the theflatute offix articles; it was intituled an act for abolifhing diverfity of 31 H, r8. opinions in certain articles concerning Chriflian religion. The fix articles cap. 14. were thefe. a. " That in the facrament of the altar after the confecration, there re- " mains no fubftance of bread and wine, but under thefe forms, the natu- " ral body and blood of Chrift is prefent. 2. " That communion in both kinds is not neceffary to falvation to all " perfons by the law of God, but that both the flefh and blood of Chrift " are together in each of the kinds. 3. " That priefts may not marry by the law of God. r° That vows of chaftity ought to be obferved by the law of God. 5. " That private maffes ought to be continued, which as it is agreeable to God's law, fo men receive great benefit by them, 6. " That