22 The HISTORY of the Puairaigs. Chap. I. King rent in ecclefiailical affairs, and made a fpeech in parliament April t zth, HenryVIII. under that character. On the r4th of April the king created him earl r5 of Ejféx, and knight of the garter ; andwithin two months after, he was ar- L. Crom- refted at the council table for high treafon, and fent to the Tower, and on was Death. the zl4th of fuly was beheaded by virtue of a bill of attainder, without being brought to a trial, or once allowed to fpeak in his own defence. He was accufed of executing certain orders and directions, for which he had very probably the king's warrant, and therefore was not admitted to make anfwer. But the true caufe of his fall, was the íhare he had in the king's Refor. marriage with the lady Anne of Cleves, whom his majefty took an averfion p. 172. to as foon as he faw her, and was therefore determined to thew his refent- ments againft the promoters of it; tho' his majefty foon after, when it was too late, lamented the lofs of his able and faithful fervant. Mixed Exe- Two days after the death of lord Cromwel, there was a very odd execu- ,cnrionofPro- tion of proteflants and papilla at the fame time andplace. The proteftants Papnts and were Dr. Barnes, Mr. Gerrard, and Mr. Jerome all clergymen and Lu- therans; they were fent to the Tower for offenftve fermons preached at the Spittal in Eafler week, and were attainted of herefy by the parliament, without being brought to a hearing. Four papifts (viz.) Gregory But- tolpb, Adam Damplin, EdmundBrindholme, and Clement Philpot, were by thefame ad, attaintedfor denying the king's fupremacy, and adhering to the bithop of Rome. The proteftants were burnt, and the papifls hanged: The former cleared themfelves of herefy, by rehearfing the articles of their faith at the flake, and died with great devotion and piety ; and the latter, though grieved to be drawn in the fame hurdle with thofe they accounted hereticks, declared their hearty forgivenefs of their enemies. Afire/a of About this time waspublifhed avery remarkable treatife, entitled, A ne- -theErudition Cellary Eruditionfor a Chrßian Man. It was drawn up by a committee ,af a Chrif- of bithops and divines, and was afterwards read and approved by the lords man Man. fpiritual and temporal, and the lower houfe of parliament. A great part of it was corrected by the king's own hand, and the whole was publifhed by his order, with a preface in the name of king Henry VIII. dedicated JIfl. Ref. to all his faithful fubjects. It was called the king's book, and was de. voi.It. figned as a ftandard of chriftian belief. The reader therefore will P. r53 judge by the following abstract, of the fentiments of our firft reformers, in fundry points of doctrine and difcipline. " It begins with a defcription of faith, of which (lays the book) there :. are two acceptations, (t.) It is fometimes taken for a belief or per- Jeia/ion wrought by God in mens hearts, whereby they agent and take " for true, all the words and fayings of God revealed in fcripture. This -°' faith, if it proceeds no further, is but a dead faith. (z.) Faith is " fometimes confidered in conjunction with hope and charity, and fo it " fignifies .6fFaith.