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i

ON

THE IMPROVEMENT

OF PSALMODY.

ritual

songs

;

singing and making

melody in

your hearts

to

the

Lord,

giving thanks

always for

all things

to God and

the

Father,

in

the name

of our Lord

Jesus

Christ.

Col.

iii.

16, 17.

"

Let

the

word of

Christ

dwell

in

you richly,

in

all wisdom

teaching

and admonishing

one

another

in

psalms and hymns,

and spiritual

songs

;

singing with grace

in your

hearts

to

the Lord

:

And

whatsoever

ye do

in

word

or

in

deed,

do all in

the

name of

the

Lord Jesus,

giving thanks

to

God and the

Father

by him.

James

v. 13.

as

Is

any

among

you afflicted,

let

bins

pray

:

Is

any

merry, let

him

sing psalms." Rev. v.

9.

"

And

they.

sung

a new

song, saying, 1'hou

art

worthy to take the

book

and to open

the

seals thereof,

for

thou west slain, and hast redeemed

us to

God

by

thy

blood." Rev. xiv. 3.

"

And

they

sung

as

it were

a

new

song

before

the throne." Rev. xv.

3.

"

And they sing the song

of

Moses the servant

Of

God, and

the

song

of the Lamb, saying,

great

and marvellous

are thy works, &c."

To

all

these

I

might

add Acts

iv. 24.

&c. where

it

is

supposed

the

disciples met

to-

gether

and

sung;

for they lift up

their

voice

to

God with one

accord,

and said,

"

Lord

!

thou

art

our God,

which

hast made

heaven and earth, and the sea, and all

that

in

them

is: Who

by

the mouth of thy servant

David hast

said,

Why

did

the hea-

then rage, and the people imagine a

vain

thing.

The

kings of

the earth

stood up,

and

the rulers were

gathered together against

the Lord,

and

against

his

Christ.

For

of

a

truth;

against thy

holy

child

Jesus

whom thou

hast anointed,

both

Herod

and

Pontius Pilate,

with the gentiles and the people of

Israel,

were

gathered together for

to do

whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel

determined

before to be done,

&c."

If

we

turn over the New Testament,

and

search all

the

songs

that

are there written,

we shall find

the

matter or

subject

of

them

as

various

as

the

occasions upon which

they were sung

or spoken: Such are the song of the Virgin

Mary; Lukei.

46,

&c.

The

song of Zecharias

;

ver. 67.

The

song

of

the

angels

;

Luke

ii. 13.

And of

Simeon, ver.

29. Besides many

others

in

the

book

of

Revelation.

The

three chief words used

to express the matter of singing, are

.Largos,

vpvoy

ass

nlm

:

Psalms,

hymns, and songs, as

the three

verbs

from which

these

are

derived are generally used

to

express the

act

of singing,

+La1Aw, Upv[w,

L.

Now if it were lawful after

so

many

learned

contentions about these words,

I

would give

my

sense

of

them

thus

:

1.

I

think

no man

bath better explained the original mean

-

ing of these

words

than

Zanchy. A psalm,

TaXpoó,

is such

a

song

as

usually

is

sung

with

other instruments

besides

the tongue.

Hymns,

vpros,

such as

are

made only to

express the praises, and

set out the excellencies of God.

Songs,

stags,

such as

contain not

only

praises, but exhortations,

prophecies,

thanksgivings;

and

these

only

sung with the

voice.