76 INTRODUCTION. who sent him first to the Gatehouse, then toBridewell, where he was whipped and kept to hard labour ; then confined in a cold dark hole during the whole of winter, being chained to a post in the middle of the room, with irons on his hands and feet, having no other food than bread and water, and a pad of straw to lie on. Before his release, he was obliged to take an oath, and give bond, to preach no more, but depart from the kingdom, and never return. Henry Shirfield, esq. a bendier of Lincoln's-inn, and recorder of Salisbury, was tried in the star-chamber, for taking down some painted glass from one of the windows of St. Edmund's church, Salisbury. These pictures were extremely ridiculous and superstitious.. The taking down of the glass was agreed upon at a vestry, when six justices of the peace were present. Towards the close of his trial, Bishop Laud stood up, and moved the court, that Mr. Shirfield might be fined £1,000, removed from his recorder- ship, committed to the Fleet till he paid the fine, and then bound to his good behaviour. The whole of this heavy sentence was inflicted upon him, excepting that the fine was mitigated to ,..300.1 In the year l633, upon the death of Archbishop Abbot, Laud was made Archbishop of Canterbury ; when he and several of his brethren renewed their zeal in the persecution of the puritans.t Numerous lecturers were silenced, and their lectures put down. Mr. Rathband and Mr. Blackerby, two most excellent divines, were often silenced, and driven from one place to another. Mr. John Budle, rector of Barnston, and Mr. Throgmorton, vicar of Mawling, were prosecuted in the high commission.§ Mr. Alder and Mr. Jessey were both silenced, the latter for not observing the ceremonies, and removing a crucifix.lI Mr. John Vincent was continually harassed for nonconformity. He was so driven from place to place, that though he had many There were in this window seven pictures of God the Father in the form of little old men, in a blue and red coat, with a pouch by his side. One of them represented him creating the sun and moon with a pair of compasses ; others as working upon the six days creation ; andat last as sitting in an elbow chair at rest. Many of the people, upon their going in and out of the church, did reverence to this window, because, as they said, the Lord their God was there.-Prynne's Cant. Doome, p. 105. + Ibid. p. 103.-Rusitworth's Cone, vol. ii. p. 153-156. f Archbishop Abbot, who succeeded Bancroft, is said to have imitated the moderation of Whitgift ; and that Laud, who succeeded Abbot, tated tae wrath of Bancroft.-Kennet's Hist. of Eng. vol. ii. p. 665, note. § Wharton's Troubles of Laud, vol. i. p.526-529. g Wanly's Contin. vol. i. p. 46.