INTRODUCTION. 45 years, for spreading Brown's books against the bishops and the established church, they were tried, condemned, and hanged at Bury St. Edmunds. At the same time, Mr. John Lewis, for denying the godhead of Christ, and, it is said, for holding other detestable heresies, was burnt at Norwich, September 17, 1583. Upon the death of Archbishop Grindal,+ Dr. John Whitgift became Archbishop of Canterbury, and was con- firmed September 23, 1583. The queen charged. him " to restore the discipline of the church, and the uniformity established by law, which," says she, " through the con- nivance of some prelates, the obstinacy of the puritans, and the power of some noblemen, is run out of square."+ Therefore, in obedience to her majesty's royal command, the new archbishop immediately published the following articles, and sent them to the bishops of his province, for their direction in the government of their dioceses :- " That all reading, preaching, catechising, and praying in any private family, where any are present besides the family, be utterly extinguished:-That none do preach or Catechise except he also read the whole service, and admi- nister the sacrament four times a year.-That all preachers, and others in ecclesiastical orders, do at all times wear the - habits prescribec1.-And that none he admitted to preach, or to execute any part of the ecclesiastical function, unless they be ordained according to the manner of the church of England ; nor unless they subscribe the three following articles." 1. cc That the queen hath, and ought to have, the seve- " reignty and rule over all manner of persons, born " within her dominions, of wimt condition soever they be ; "and that none other power or potentate hath, or ought to ," have, any power, ecclesiastical or civil, within her realms " or dominions. 2. " That the Book of Common Prayer, and of ordaining " bishops, priests, and deacons, containeth in it nothing " contrary to the wordof God, but may be lawfully used 46 Parallel betwixt Phanatics, p. 11. Edit. 1661: from Stow. + Grindal, in his latter days, was much inclined to favour the puritans, and was, with great difficulty, brought to punish them for their noncom, formity. He had not sat long in the chair of Canterbury, beforehe was suspended and confined in his own house, for not suppressingthe religious exercises called Prophesyings, which his conscience told him should have been encouraged and promoted. He continued under the tyrannical cerp. sure several years.---Huine's Hist. ofEng. vol. v. p.18S.-Granger'sBiog. Hist, vol. i. p. 204. ; Kennet's Hist. of Eng. vol. ii. p. 494.