96 THE FATHERS SPEAK AS HIGH OF OTHER APOSTLES. 6. If Pope Leo I., or any other ancient pope, seems to mean farther, we may reasonably except against their opinion, as being singular, and proceeding from partial affection to their see; such affection having influence on the mind of the wisest men, accord- ing to that certain maxim of Aristotle, " Every man is a bad judge in his own case." 7. The ancients, when their subject allures them, adorn other apostles with the like titles, equalling those of St Peter, and not well consistent with them, according to that rigour of sense which our adversaries affix to the commendations of St Peter. The Epistle of Clemens Romanus to St James (an apocryphal but ancient writing) calls St James, our Lord's brother, " The bishop of bishops; "1 the Clementine Recognitions call him " The prince of bishops;" Ruffinus, in his translation of Eusebius, " The bishop of the apostles;" St Chrysostom says of him, that he " pre- sided over all the Jewish believers; "a Hesychius, presbyter of Jeru- salem, calls him " The chief captain of the new Jerusalem, the captain of priests, the prince of the apostles, the top among the heads," &c.' The same Hesychius calls St Andrew " The first-born of the apos- tolical choir, the first settled pillar of the church, the Peter before Peter, the foundation of the foundation, the first - fruits of the be- ginning," &c.4 St Chrysostom says of St John, that he was "a pillar of the churches through the world, he that had the keys of the kingdom of heaven," &c." But as occasion of speaking about St Paul was more frequent, so the eulogies of him are more copious, and indeed so high as not to yield to those of St Peter. " He was," says St Chrysostom, " the leader and president of the choir of the saints."' " He was the tongue, the teacher, the apostle of the world He had the whole world put into his hands, and took care thereof, and had committed to him all men dwelling KAn¡ans 'Iazdoy( ia(cxásro(v áa(axávra. Jacobum episcoporum principem sa. cerdotum princeps orabat Clem. Rec., i. 68. Apostolorum episcopus.Ruf. Buseb., ii. 1. s It is likely that Rutïìnus called him so, by mistaking that in the Apostolical Constitutions: `Tw$p mar, im(ozóvrou ñamv'lazm'ßou.Apost. Const., viii. 10. Tm, i 'Iou- Saíwv x(emsuoávmwv vrpoH(omrizH( vrávmov.Chrys., tom. Y. Or. 59. 8 Tóv mñs v'Has'Iepavoalì,,HC dpxrompámnyav, mmv ¡spémv n`yñ/aova, mmv ásraamóAav móv $,aznv, may i, xHpaAa7t xspUmì)v, &e.Hesych. Presb., apud Phot. Cod. 275, p. 1525. 4 `O mo' xapc; mmv ásroomoAav m'pmmómozos, ó vrpwmavrayñs mñs izzAnaias amúxas, á sr á nmpou nmeat, Ó Tor, »st..esA(ou gHFHHA(aÇ, ó mñs d7zñs d' apxt.Hesych., apud Phot. Cod. 269. 6 'O amóAOg c, xaméa mryv obeavp.ivnv izzTmo(aly, ó mát ,a,7s Fzv mmv oú'avmv, &C.Chry8. in Joh. i. 1. 'O mmv áyimv zap; zopvpa7at zee) srpoomámns.Chrys. in Rom xvi 24. 'O ñs o('zaupsivnt ásróom,aos.Chrys. in 1 Cor. ix. 2.